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NANOGAK, Agnes

Born
Baillie Islands, Northwest Territories, 1925
Died
Holman, Northwest Territories, 2001
Biography synopsis
Agnes Nanogak (also known as Agnes Goose/Nanuraq) was born on the Baillie Islands in the Western Arctic. Nanogak's artwork is inspired by her cultural heritage, which was imparted to her by her parents, Billy Banksland and Topsy Ekiona. In 1937, the Nanogak family relocated to Holman, on Queen's Bay. In 1947 Nanogak married Wallace Goose. In the 1960's, she joined the newly established printmaking program in Holman and began to create hundreds of drawings. Many of these were later transferred into prints. Nanogak's early works were thematically centered around childhood stories, drum songs and the Inuit way of life. She is known for her ironical or humourous tone, which she conveys through stylistic flourishes that are personalized and highly colorful. The artist is also famous for her book illustrations for "Tales from the Igloo" (Metayer, 1972) and "More Tales from the Igloo" (Metayer, 1986). In 1985, she received an honorary degree from Mount Saint Vincent University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Her son, Billy Goose, as well as her grandson, Rex Goose, are both talented graphic artists. In 2002, a year after Nanogak passed away, The Winnipeg Art Gallery hosted a solo exhibition of the artist's works. Her work has been showcased in dozens of international group exhibitions across Canada, the United States, and Europe.
Media used
Artists' illustrated books
Drawing
Printmaking
Sculpture
File & Archive locations
University of Calgary Library, AB
Edmonton Art Gallery, AB - Library
University of British Columbia - Fine Arts Library
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts / Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, QC
Winnipeg Art Gallery, MA - Clara Lander Library
Alberta Culture and Community Spirit - Arts Branch
Canadian Museum of Civilization Archives, QC
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
Northwest Territories Archives
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON
BIBLIOGRAPHY

Writings about
Biographies of Inuit Artists, Volumes One and Two. Ottawa: Canadian Arctic Producers, Arctic Co-operatives Limited, 1984.
"Agnes Nanogak Goose." Cybermuse: Your Art Education Research Site 2010
http://cybermuse.gallery.ca/cybermuse/docs/bio_artistid3944_e.jsp.
"Agnes Nanogak Goose: 1925-2001 (Obituary)." Inuit Art Quarterly 17.2 (Summer 2002): 61-62.
"Agnes Nanogak." Section15.ca: Rebels Without a Cause (11 Nov. 1996)
http://section15.ca/features/people/1996/11/11/agnes_nanogak/.
"Dualtone." Alcan News (June 1971): 3.
"Holman Artists: Film, Grant and Exhibition." Inuvialuit (Fall 1982): 18-19.
"Inuit Prints Included in Western Canada Print Show." Inuit Art Quarterly 5.1 (Winter 1990): 34.
"More Tales From the Igloo (Review)." Gazette (4 Apr. 1987): H11.
"The Woman Who Went to the Moon." Inuktituk 70.1 (1989): 26-33.
"University Collection to Tour Canada." News of the North (28 Mar. 1980).
Arts and Culture of the North (Organization). Arts and Culture of the North, Volumes 17-26. Madison, Wisconsin: Arts and Culture of the North, 1984.
Ayre, Robert. "Melzack's Eskimo Legends Need Nanogak Drawings." Montreal Star (9 Dec. 1970).
Beaverbrook Art Gallery. The Murray and Marguerite Vaughan Inuit Print Collection. Fredericton, New Brunswick: Beaverbrook Art Gallery, 1981.
Berlo, Janet Catherine. "Drawing and Printmaking at Holman." Inuit Art Quarterly 10 (Fall 1995): 22-30.
Blodgett, Jean. The Coming and Going of the Shaman: Eskimo Shamanism and Art. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1978.
Canadian Arctic Producers Limited. Shamans and Spirits: Myths and Medical Symbolism in Eskimo Art. Ottawa: National Museum of Man, 1977-1982.
Castelo, Adelle. "More Tales From the Igloo (Review)." Quill & Quire 53.3 (Mar. 1987): 73.
Centre for Contemporary Canadian Art. Agnes Nanogak 2010
http://www.ccca.ca/artists/artist_info.html?link_id=5245.
Clifford E. Lee Collection of Prints. Inuit Games and Contests. Edmonton, Alberta: University of Alberta Press, 1978.
Colombo, John Robert. Colombo's Canadian References. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1976.
Condon, Richard G. & Ogina, Julia. The Northern Copper Inuit: A History. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1996.
Crandall, Richard C. Inuit Art: A History. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2000.
Driscoll, Bernadette. Inuit Myths, Legends and Songs. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1982.
Driscoll-Engelstad, Bernadette. The Inuit Amautik: I Like My Hood to Be Full. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1980.
Furneaux, Patrick & Rosshandler, Leo. Arts of the Eskimos: Prints. Montreal: Signum Press and Oxford University Press, 1974.
Gibson, Jennifer. Qiviuq: A Legend in Art. Ottawa: Carleton University Art Gallery, 1995-1996.
Gray, Philip Howard. Directory of Eskimo Artists in Sculpture and Prints. Bozeman, Montana: Philip Howard Gray, 1974.
Hamilton, Mary. "Agnes Nanogak: More Tales From the Igloo (Review)." Inuit Art Enthusiast Newsletter 36 (May 1987): 19-20.
Heller, Jules and Nancy. North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century. New York: Garland, 1995.
Holman Eskimo Cooperative. Eskimo Graphic Art, 1968: Kalvak, Ohoveluk, Nanogak, Papidluk. Holman Island, Northwest Territories: Holman Eskimo Cooperative, 1968.
Holman Eskimo Cooperative. Holman 1972. Holman Island, Northwest Territories: Holman Eskimo Cooperative, 1972.
Holman Eskimo Cooperative. Holman 1977 Prints. Holman Island, Northwest Territories: Holman Eskimo Cooperative, 1977.
Holman Eskimo Cooperative. Holman Island 1973. Holman Island, Northwest Territories: Holman Eskimo Cooperative, 1973.
Holman Eskimo Cooperative. Holman Island 1980/1981. Holman Island, Northwest Territories: Holman Eskimo Cooperative, 1980-1981.
Holman Eskimo Cooperative. Holman Island Prints 1974. Holman Island, Northwest Territories: Holman Eskimo Cooperative, 1974.
Holman Eskimo Cooperative. "1983 Holman Island Artists and Printmakers." Holman Island 1983 Prints. Holman Island, Northwest Territories: Holman Eskimo Cooperative, 1983.
Hulan, Renée. Northern Experience and the Myths of Canadian Culture. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2002.
Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Inuit Art Bibliography. Ottawa: Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 1992.
Inuit Art Foundation. "The Artist: Nanogak, Agnes." Inuit Art Alive 2010
http://www.inuitartalive.ca/index_e.php?p=214.
Inuit Art Gallery. Inuit Master Artists of the 1970's. Vancouver: Inuit Art Gallery, 1980.
Inuit Gallery of Vancouver. Agnes Nanogak: Early Drawings 1965-1984. Vancouver: 2000.
Jackson, Marion Elizabeth ed. Patiently I Sing: Selections From the Tyler/Brooks Collection of Inuit Art. Ottawa: Carleton University Art Gallery, 1994.
Jerusalem Artists' House Museum. Polar Vision: Canadian Eskimo Graphics. Jerusalem: Na'amat, 1978.
Kennedy, Michael P.J. "Inuit Literature in English: A Chronological Review." Canadian Journal of Native Studies 13.1 (1993): 31-41.
Leaf, Caroline. The Owl Who Married a Goose (Videorecording). Toronto: National Film Board of Canada, 1974.
Lowndes, Joan. "New Eskimo Prints Fresh and Humorous." Vancouver Sun (18 Feb. 1972).
MacDonald, Colin S. The Dictionary of Canadian Artists. (Volumes 1-8 by Colin S. MacDonald, and volume 9 by Anne Newlands and Judith Parker) Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2009
http://www.rcip-chin.gc.ca/application/aac-aic/description-about.app?lang=en.
Marsh, James, ed. Canadian Encyclopedia Online. Historical Foundation, 2009
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com.
McGrath, Joan. "More Tales From the Igloo (Review)." CM: Canadian Materials for Schools and Libraries 15.2 (Mar. 1987): 75.
McMaster, Gerald et al. In the Shadow of the Sun: Perspectives on Contemporary Native Art. Hull, Quebec: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1993.
Mitchell, Marybelle. "More Tales From the Igloo (Review)." Inuit Art Quarterly 2.2 (Sprint 1987): 14.
Mount Saint Vincent University Art Gallery. Permanence: Recent Additions to the Permanent Collection: 30 April- 31 May, 1992. Halifax: Mount Saint Vincent University Art Gallery, 1992.
Mount Saint Vincent University Art Gallery. Views of Childhood by Artists From the 18th to 20th Century. Halifax: Mount Saint Vincent University Art Gallery, 1979.
National Museum of Man. The Inuit Print. Ottawa: 1981.
Parkinson, Liz. "Holman Island Graphics 1989." Inuit Art Quarterly 4.4 (Fall 1989): 23-26.
Robinson, Helen. "More Tales From the Igloo (Review)." Anglican Journal 113.5 (May 1987): 16.
Routledge, Marie. Inuit Art in the 1970's/L'Art Inuit actuel. Kingston, Ontario: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 1979.
Schneider, Janet. Eskimo Art. Flushing, New York: Queens Museum, 1974.
Southern Alberta Art Gallery. Southern Alberta Collects. Lethbridge, Alberta: Southern Alberta Art Gallery, 1976.
Sparling, Mary. "Nanogak Receives Honorary Doctorate." Inuit Art Quarterly 1.1 (Spring 1986): 6-7.
Tardy, Henri. "The Birth of the Cooperative at Holman Island." Inuit Art Quarterly 16.2 (Summer 2001): 26-29.
The Arctic Circle. Transformation. Los Angeles: 1981.
University of New Brunswick Art Centre. Inuit Art in the UNB Collection. Fredericton, New Brunswick: University of New Brunswick Art Centre, 1987.
Wright, Darlene Coward. Holman: Forty Years of Graphic Art. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 2002.
Wright, Darlene Coward. "Holman: Forty Years of Graphic Art." Inuit Art Quarterly 16.2 (Summer 2001): 42-45.
Wright, Darlene Coward & Cameron, Dyane. "Unikaat Stories." Inuit Art Quarterly 13 (Spring 1998): 36-37.

Writings by
Metayer, Maurice & Nanogak, Agnes (ill.). Tales From the Igloo. Edmonton, Alberta: Hurtig, 1972.
Nanogak, Agnes. Agnes Nanogak: A Restrospective, 1982-1985. Winnipeg, Manitoba: Canadian Arctic Producers, 1986.
Nanogak, Agnes. More Tales From the Igloo. Edmonton, Alberta: Hurtig, 1986.
Nanogak, Agnes. "Agnes Nanogak's Song." Music of the Inuit (Sound Recording): The Copper Eskimo Tradition. Gentilly, France: Auvidis, 1994.
Nanogak, Agnes. "Furious Owl." [Reproduction] Inuit Art Quarterly 17.3 (Fall 2002): 10.
Nanogak, Agnes. "How Tugulak, the Raven, Stole the Sun." Across Time and Tundra: The Inuvialuit of the Western Arctic. Vancouver: Raincoast Books, 2003.
Nanogak, Agnes. "More Tales From the Igloo (Review)." Queen's Quarterly 94.4 (Winter 1987): 1073.
Nanogak, Agnes & Kalvak, Helen et al. "Inuit Women Artists." Feminist Studies 10.1 (Spring 1984): 84-96.

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