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CAMERON, Agnes Deans

Victoria, Bristish Columbia, 1863
Victoria, British Columbia, 1912
Biography synopsis
Agnes Deans Cameron is best known for her work as a writer, feminist activist, lecturer and adventurer. Although she began her career as a teacher, she was forced to resign from teaching in 1905 because of her liberal ideas. Cameron turned to writing, and while working as a journalist took on a publicity commission for the Western Canada Immigration Association which would take her on a journey from Chicago to the Arctic Ocean. She was the first white woman to undertake such an impressive overland expedition which she documented with photographs, including camp scenes, portraits of indigenous people and even some humorous self-portraits. The photographs were later made into lantern slides which Cameron used to illustrate the lectures she subsequently gave in a tour across Canada, the United States and England. Cameron wrote about her travels in the publication "The New North: Being some Account of a Woman's Journey through Canada to the Arctic." On her return home after a lengthy tour of lectures, Cameron received recognition for her work. Unfortunately, she had little time to enjoy her celebrity, for she passed away In the summer of 1912. She left behind a wealth of writing and photographs which is held in various archives across the country.
Media used
File & Archive locations
City of Vancouver Archives, BC
Provincial Archives of Alberta
University of Victoria, BC - McPherson Library
City of Victoria Archives, BC
British Columbia Archives
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC

Writings about
"Agnes Dean Cameron: Noted Canadian Authoress Succumbs to Appendicitis" Gazette (Montreal) 14 May 1912: 2.
"Agnes Deans Cameron Travels to the Arctic Ocean." Canadian Museum of History website 29 Mar. 2017
"An English Schoolboy on Canada." Globe (Toronto) 26 Mar. 1910
"Cameron, Agnes Deans" ABC Bookworld British Columbia: ABC Bookworld, 2010
"Dinner to Miss Agnes Deans Cameron." Globe (Toronto) 28 Apr. 1909.
"Past and Future Visitors: An Arctic Traveller." Globe (Toronto) 28 May 1909 An English Schoolbby on Canada.
"The Sudden Death of Agnes Deans Cameron." Globe (Toronto) 14 May 1912
"Through Canada to the Arctic." Globe (Toronto) 13 Dec. 1909.
"Through Canada to the Arctic." Globe (Toronto) 13 Dec. 1909
"Two Canadian Women Travellers." Globe (Toronto) 6 Jan. 1910.
"Une canadienne sur un billet, mise en candiature de 461 candidate admissible à une Canadienne Emblématique." Banque du Canada site web 2016
Archer, Norman K.. "The Tale of Agnes Deans Cameron" Senior Living Vancouver Island 2009
Bowen, Lynne. "Elusive Treasure." The Beaver 79.1 (Feb. 1999): 22-27.
Brissenden, Constance and Loyie, Larry. "Hall of Fame: Agnes Deans Cameron." History of Metropolitan Vancouver 2017
Buente, Gail. "The Intrepid Miss Cameron and the Kids." Herisons 4.7 (Oct./Nov. 1986): 32-33.
Chalmers, Graeme. "Canada's Drawing Book Scandal: A Storm in a Victorian Teacup." Canadian Review of Art Education: Research and Issues 28.1 (2001): 41-59.
Converse, Cathy. Mainstays: Women Who Shaped BC Victoria, BC: Touchwood Editions, 1998.
Covello, Elizabeth Jonquil. The Northwest Territories Reconstruction Project: Telling Our Stories. Vancouver, British Columbia: University of British Columbia, 2009
Dickinson, Christine. "Agnes Deans Cameron." Courtenay and District Museum and Palaeontology Centre (Comox Valley) 21 Sept. 2012
Forster, Merna. 100 Canadian Heroines: Famous and Forgotten Faces. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2004.
Freeman, Randy. "Career Change: Drummed Out of a Teaching Position in Victoria's School System, Agnes Deans Cameron Became an Icon of the North." Up Here 16.6 (Aug./Sep. 2000): 53-54.
Hale, Linda L.. "Cameron, Agnes Deans." Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 14 Toronto, Ontario: University of Toronto, 1998
Harding, Les. The Journeys of Remarkable Women: Their Travels on the Canadian Frontier Waterloo, Ontario: Escart Press; University of Waterloo, 1994.
Hayball, Gwen. "Agnes Deans Cameron, 1863-1912." British Columbia Historical News Journal 7.4 (June 1974): 19-25
Heaps, Denise Adele. Gendered Discourse and Subjectivity in Travel Writing by Canadian Women Toronto: University of Toronto, 2000.
Holmlund, Mona, et al. Inspiring Women: A Celebration of Herstory. Regina: Coteau Books, 2003.
Hume, Stephen. "Canada 150: Agnes Deans Cameron: the most remarkable woman citizen of the province." Vancouver Sun 16 Jan. 2017
Hume, Stephen. "Roots of a B.C. Women's Movement: Frontier Women in B.C.: Portrait of a Nation's Soul" The Vancouver Sun 16 Dec. 2002: B4.
Humphreys, Danda. "Let's Hear it for the Ladies!" Times-Colonist (Victoria) 22 Oct. 2000: B3.
Johnstone, Tiffany. "A Feminist Analysis of Conceptual Metaphor in Women's Exploration Literture About the Canadian Arctic." Le lieu du Nord: vers une cartographie des lieux du Nord Montreal; Stockholm: UQAM; University of Stockholm, 2015.
Johnstone, Tiffany. "New Woman, New North: The Arctic Journey of Agnes Deans Cameron." Women Suffrage and Beyond: Confronting the Demographic Deficit 10 Mar. 2013
Johnstone, Tiffany. "Seeing for Oneself: Agnes Deans Cameron's Ironic Critique of American Literary Discourse in 'The New North'." Nordlit 12.1 (2008): 69-88
Kelcey, Barbara E.. Alone in Silence: European Women in the Canadian North before 1940. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2001.
Kerr, Kandace. "Agnes Deans Camron; Explorer." Kinesis Sept. 1982:10> kinesis-1.0045561.pdf.
Kess, Cathleen and Barbara Latham. In Her Own Right: Selected Essays on Women's History in B.C. Victoria, British Columbia: Camosun College, 1980.
Koltun, Lilly ed.. Private Realms of Light: Amateur Photography in Canada 1839-1940. Markham, Ontario: Fitzhenry and Whiteside, 1984.
LaFramboise, Lisa Nathalie. Travellers in Skirts: Women and English-Language Travel Writing in Canada Edmonton: University of Alberta, 1997.
Lang, Marjorie. Women Who Made the news ; Female Journalists in Canada, 1880-1945 Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1999.
Latham, Barbara and Roberta J. Pazdro. "A Simple Matter of Justice: Agnes Deans Cameron and the British Columbia Department of Education, 1906-8" Atlantis 10.1 (1984): 111-115.
Marchand, Greg. "South Park Celebrating 100" Times-Colonist (Victoria) 22 May 1994: 1.
McGeer, Ada. "Agnes Deans Cameron : A Memory." British Columbia Historical News 8.1 (Nov. 1974): 16
McLoone, Margo. Women Explorers in Polar Regions: Louise Arner Boyd, Agnes Deans Cameron, Kate Marsden, Ida Pfeiffer, Helen Thayer. Mankato, Minnesota: Capstone Press, 1997.
Monroe, Dawn E. "On the Job: Canadian Women of Achievement by Profession or Avocation." Famous Canadian Women 2004
Morgan, Henry James. Canadian Men and Women of the Time Toronto, Ontario: William Briggs, 1912.
Munro, Sheila. "Agnes Deans Cameron: Feminist and Feisty Educator" Teacher 6.6 (Apr. 1994): 10-11.
O'Leary, Daniel. "Environmentalism, Hermeneutics, and Canadian Imperialism in Agnes Deans Cameron's 'The New North'" This Elusive Land: Women and the Canadian Environment Vancouver, British Columbia: UBC Press, 2005.
Pederson, Diana Lynn. Changing Women, Changing History. Montreal: McGill-Queen's Press, 1996.
Reid, Jane E. The Joys of the Long Trail: Three Women Adventure-Travellers in Canada at the Turn of the Century Ottawa, Canada: Carleton University, 1990.
Ritchie, Flyn. "Canada at 150 : Honouring those who created our nation - and their faith." Church for Vancouver 19 Jan. 2017
Roy, Wendy. Maps of Difference: Canada, Women, and Travel Montreal; Kingston; London; Ithaca: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005.
Roy, Wendy. "Primacy, Technology, and Nationalism in Agnes Deans Cameron's 'The New North'" Mosaic: a Journal for the Comparative Study of Literature 38.2 (2005): 53-78.
Tallentire, Jenéa. Everyday Athenas : strategies of survival and identity for ever-single women in British Columbia 1880-1930 Vancouver: University of British Columbia, Ph.D diss, 2006
Tallentire, Jenéa. "The Ordinary Needs of Life: Strategies of Survival for Single Women in 1901 Victoria." BC Studies 139 (Fall 2008): 45-80.
Twigg, Alan. The Essentials: 150 Great B.C. Book & Authors. Vancouver, British Columbia: Ronsdale Press, 2010.
Willlow, Anna J.. "This Elusive Land: Women and the Canadian Environment." The American Review of Canadian Studies 36.1 (Spring 2006): 149-151.

Writings by
Cameron, Agnes Deans. Canada's Farthest North. London: 1910.
Cameron, Agnes Deans. The New North: being some account of a woman's journey through Canada to the Arctic. New York; London: D. Appleton and co., 1910.
Cameron, Agnes Deans. The Prince of Playgrounds: Come Home by Canada and Revel in the Rockies: Beautiful Banff. Ottawa: Department of the Interior, 1910.
Cameron, Agnes Deans. The Romance and Beauty of British Columbia II: Lords of Peltries and Founders of Empire. Toronto, Ontario: Westminster Co., 1908.
Cameron, Agnes Deans. "Down the Athabasca River." Improved by Cultivation: English-Canadian Prose to 1914, Ed. R. G. Moyles. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press, 1994.
Cameron, Agnes Deans. "Dweller in The 'Shack O' Dreams.'" Week 4 Feb. 1905.
Cameron, Agnes Deans. "Kipling and the Children." Rudyard Kipling. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis, 2013.

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