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CARR, Emily

Born
Victoria, British Columbia, 1871
Died
Victoria, British Columbia, 1945
Biography synopsis
Emily Carr spent most of her life on Vancouver Island, but she also studied for three years at the California School of Design in San Francisco (1890-1893), for five years at the Westminster School of Art in London, England (1899-1904), where she also attended sketching classes at St. Ives in Cornwall, at the Meadows Studio, Bushey and at the Académie Colarossi in Paris for one year (1910). Her work was not well received and she had to supplement her income by farming, running a boarding house, and making pottery. In 1927 she met Lawren Harris, and the Group of Seven encouraged her return to painting. Her work was strongly influenced by an interest in Native Canadian culture. Carr was also known as a writer and published a number of volumes. She had solo exhibitions at the Art Gallery of Ontario (1937) and at the Vancouver Art Gallery (1938). She was a member of the Canadian Group of Painters (1933).
Media used
Painting
Pottery
Watercolour
Education
California School of Design, San Francisco, 1890 - 1893
Westminster School of Art, London, England, 1899 - ?
Académie Colarossi, Paris, 1910 - ?
Private study (under Julius Olsson (St. Ives))
Private study (under John Whitely (Meadows Studio, Bushey))
Private study (under Harry Gibb (Cressey-en-Bri and Brittany))
Memberships
Canadian Group of Painters, 1933
File & Archive locations
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
Edmonton Art Gallery, AB - Library
CBC Digital Archives
London Public Library, ON
McMichael Canadian Art Collection, ON - Library and Archives
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts / Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, QC
Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, QC - Media Centre
Hamilton Public Library, ON - Local History and Archives Department
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Tom Thomson Memorial Art Gallery, ON
University of British Columbia - Fine Arts Library
University of Calgary Library, AB
University of Manitoba - Architecture and Fine Arts Library
Vancouver Art Gallery, BC - Library
Vancouver Public Library, BC - Fine Arts and History Department
British Columbia Archives
Leonard and Bina Ellen Art Gallery, QC
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
Alberta Culture and Community Spirit - Arts Branch
Canadian Museum of Civilization Archives, QC
University of British Columbia - Rare Books and Special Collections
University of Victoria, BC - McPherson Library
Archives Society of Alberta
Simon Fraser University, BC - Special Collections and Rare Books
Glenbow Archives, AB - Main Catalogue
John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art Library, FL
Brooklyn Museum, NY
Cornell University, NY - Kroch Library Rare & Manuscripts
Frick Art Reference Library, NY
Bowling Green State University, OH - Center for Archival Collections
Smithsonian Institution, DC - Archives of American Art
University of New Brunswick - Archives and Special Collections Department
Trent University Archives, ON
Stanford University, CA - Libraries and Academic Information Resources
Museum of Modern Art, NY
School of the Art Institute of Chicago, IL - John M. Flaxman Library
Royal Ontario Museum
York University, ON - Clara Thomas Archives and Special Collections
University of Guelph, ON - Archival & Special Collections
BIBLIOGRAPHY

Writings about
Sky Paintings: Emily Carr Victoria, B.C.: Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, 1982.
To the totem forests : Emily Carr and contemporaries interpret coastal villages Victoria: Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, 1999.
"Beyond Recollection : The Early Art Education of Emily Carr" British Columbia Historical News: Journal of the British Columbia Historical Federation vol. 35, no. 4, Fall 2002: 4-6.
"Femmes peintres canadiennes." Le Devoir (Montreal) 23 Mar. 1948: 6.
Ayre, Robert. "Canada's Art Exhibition at the World's Fair "Credit to Dominion"." Standard (Montreal) 8 May 1939: 7.
Ayre, Robert. "Significant Exhibition at Toronto by Diligent Canadian Group of Painters 'Bristling With Signs of the Times'." Standard (Toronto) 18 Nov. 1939: M6.
Barton, John. West of Darkness: Emily Carr: A Self Portrait Vancouver: Porcepic Books, 1999.
Bieler, Andre. "On the Canadian Group of Painters." Maritime Art 2.4 (Apr-May 1942): 118-123.
Blanchard, Paula. Life of Emily Carr Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1987.
Boutilier, Alicia & Tobi Bruce. The Artist Herself : Self-portraits by Canadian Historical Women Artists / L'artiste elle-même : autoportraits de femmes artistes au Canada. Kingston, ONT.: Agnes Etherinton Art Centre. Hamilton: Art Gallery Hamilton, 2015.
Braid, Kate. Emily Carr: Rebel Artist Montreal: XYZ Publishing, 2000.
Carr, Angela, ed. Raven Papers: Remembering Natalie Luckyj (1945-2002) Newcastle, ON: Penumbra Press, 2010.
Crean, Susan. Laughing One: A Journey to Emily Carr Toronto: Harper Collins Canada, 2001.
Dagg, Anne Innis. "What Happens to Women's Art?" Globe and Mail (Toronto) 4 Aug. 1984.
de Repentigny. "L'art canadien sera bien representé à Jerusalem." La Presse (Montreal) 27 Feb. 1953.
Doyon, Charles. "La peinture feminine." Le Clairon (Sainte-Hyacinthe) ?.
Endicott, Marion. Emily Carr : the story of an artist Toronto: Women's Educational Press, 1982.
Farr, Dorothy and Luckyj, Natalie. From Women's Eyes: Women Painters in Canada. Kingston: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 1975.
Gowers, Ruth. Emily Carr New York: St. Martin's Press, 1987.
Hembroff-Schleicher, Edyth. Portrayal of Emily Carr Vancouver: Clarke, Irwin and Co, 1969.
Hembroff-Schleicher, Edythe. Emily Carr, The Untold Story. Seattle: Hancock House, 1978?.
Laurence, Robin. Beloved Land: The World of Emily Carr Vancouver/Seattle: Douglas and McIntyre/University of Washington Press, 1996.
Luckyj, Natalie. Visions and Victories: 10 Canadian Women Artists 1914-1945. London: London Regional Art Gallery, 1983.
Mallory, Catherine. Victorian and Canadian Worlds of Emily Carr: Study of a Divided Imagination Halifax: Dalhousie University, 1979.
Mason-Dodd, Kerry. Sunlight in the Shadows: The Landscape of Emily Carr Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.
McCarthy, Pearl. "Montreal Group Worth Seeing." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 27 Oct. 1945.
McInnes, G. Campbell. “World of Art.” Saturday Night (18 Jan. 1936): 4.
Monaghan, Anne. Emily Carr: The Different Victorian Ottawa: Canadian Library Association, 1981.
Moray, Gerta. Northwest Coast Native Culture and the Early Indian Paitings of Emily Carr, 1899-1913 Toronto: University of Toronto, 1993.
Moray, Gerta. "'T'Other Emily:' Emily Carr, the Modern Woman Artist and Dilmenas of Gender*" RACAR, revue d'art canadienne, Canadian art review vol. VVVI, no. 1-2, 1999: 73-90.
Moray, Gerta. "Emily Carr and the Traffic in Native Images" Antimodernism and Artistic Experience Toronto. Ontario: University of Toronto Press, 2000.
Morra, Linda, ed. Corresponding influence : selected letters of Emily Carr and Ira Dilworth Toronto: University of Toronto, 2006.
Murray, Joan. The Birth of the Modern: Post-Impressionism in Canadian Art, c.1900-1920. Oshawa: The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, 2001.
National Gallery of Canada. Emily Carr: Her Paintings and Sketches Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1945.
Neering, Rosemary. Emily Carr Don Mills: Fitzhenry and Whiteside, 1975.
Newlands, Anne. Emily Carr: An Introduction to her Life and Art Willowdale: Firefly Books, 1996.
Nurse, Andrew. Gendering the Artistic Field. Journal of Canadian Art History; 34.2 (2013): 24-47.
Pearson, Carol. Emily Carr as I Knew Her Vancouver: Clarke, Irwin and Co, 1954.
Ryley, Nancy. Emily Carr [Canada]: CBC, 1975.
Shadbolt, Doris. Art of Emily Carr Toronto/Vancouver: Clarke, Irwin and Co/Douglas and McIntyre, 1979.
Shadbolt, Doris. Emily Carr Toronto/Vancouver/Seattle: Douglas and McIntyre/University of Washington Press, 1990.
Shadbolt, Doris. Emily Carr : a centennial exhibition celebrating the one hundredth anniversary of her birth Vancouver: J.J. Douglas, 1975.
Shadbolt, Doris. Seven Journeys: The Sketchbooks of Emily Carr Toronto/Vancouver/Seattle: Douglas and McIntyre/University of Washington Press, 2002.
Shea, Tusa. "Beyond Recollection: The Early Art Education of Emily Carr" British Columbia Historical News British Columbia: vol.35, no.4, Fall 2002: 1-6..
Thom, Ian. Emily Carr in France Vancouver: Vancouver Art Gallery, 1991.
Tippett, Maria. Emily Carr: A Biography Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979.
Turpin, Marguerite. The life and work of Emily Carr, 1871-1945 : a selected bibliography Vancouver: School of Librarianship, University of British Columbia, 1965.
Udall, Sharyn. Carr, O'Keeffe, Kahlo: Places of Their Own. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.
Walker, Stephanie Kirkwood. This Woman in Particular: Contexts for the Biographical Image of Emily Carr Waterloo, Ont: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1996.

Writings by
Carr, Emily. Beloved Land: The World of Emily Carr Vancouver/Toronto/Seattle: Douglas and McIntyre/University of Washington Press, 1996.
Carr, Emily. Book of Small Toronto: Irwin Publishing, 1942.
Carr, Emily. Complete Writings of Emily Carr. Introduction by Doris Shadbolt Toronto/Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 1997: 539-41.
Carr, Emily. Dear Nan: Lettters of Emily Carr, Nan Cheney and Humphrey Toms Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1990.
Carr, Emily. Flirt, Punk and Loo : my dogs and I Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 1997.
Carr, Emily. Fresh Seeing: Two Addresses by Emily Carr Toronto: Irwin Publishing, 1972.
Carr, Emily. Growing Pains. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1946.
Carr, Emily. Growing Pains: The Autobiography of Emily Carr Toronto/Vancouver: Clarke, Irwin and Co, 1946.
Carr, Emily. Heart of a Peacock Toronto: Irwin Publishing, 1986.
Carr, Emily. House of All Sorts Toronto/Vancouver: Clarke, Irwin and Co, 1944.
Carr, Emily. Hundreds and Thousands: The Journals of Emily Carr Toronto/Vancouver: Clarke, Irwin and Co, 1966.
Carr, Emily. Klee Wyck Toronto/Vancouver: Clarke, Irwin and Co, 1941.
Carr, Emily. Little Town and a Little Girl Toronto: Clarke Irwin, 1951.
Carr, Emily. Opposite Contraries: The UnKnown Journals of Emily Carr and Other Writings; Susan Crean, ed Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 2003.
Carr, Emily. Pause: a Sketch Book Toronto/Vancouver: Clarke, Irwin and Co, 1953; reprint: Toronto: Stoddart, 1995.

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