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?, 1809
The Priory, Tetburg, England, 1886
Biography synopsis
After marrying Sir James B. Bucknall Estcourt, a British topographical painter, in 1837, Caroline (née Pole Crew) accompanied her husband on his postings in Canada (1838-39 and 1844-47) and overseas. She often sketched the people she met and places she visited. Among her sketches is a rare nineteenth-century depiction of an African-Canadian completed near Niagara Falls whom Estcourt described as "a great friend" on the back of the portrait. In the 1850s she traveled to the Crimea during the British campaign with her sister, Marieanne, to join her husband who was suffering from cholera. Although she nursed him diligently, he died and Caroline was made a KCB's (Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath) widow in 1856. She is known for her Canadian views, especially her Quebec winter scenes. Some of her sketches were subsequently lithographed, and most are in the collection of the Archives of Canada.
Media used
File & Archive locations
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
Manoir Richelieu - W.H. Coverdale Collection, QC
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON

Writings about
Béland, Mario. Painting in Quebec, 1820-1850: New Views, New Perspectives. Québec: Musée du Québec, 1992.
Bell, Michael. Painters in a New Land: From Annapolis Royal to the Klondike. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1973.
English, John, ed. Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online Ottawa: Libraries and Archives Canada, 2008
Harper, J. Russell. Early Painters and Engravers in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1970.
Huff, Cynthia A. "Reading as Re-vision: Approaches to Reading Manuscript Diaries." Biography 23.3 (Summer 2000): 505-648.
National Archives of Canada. Facing History: Portraits from the National Archives of Canada. Ottawa: National Archives of Canada, 1933: 39.
Petteys, Chris, et al. Dictionary of Women Artists: An International Dictionary of Women Artists Born Before 1900. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1985.
Public Archives of Canada. Image of Canada. Ottawa: Information Canada, 1972.
Sheppard, Patricia. Lady Caroline Bucknall-Estcourt: Identity as Performance in a Victorian Album. Journal of Canadian Art History 34.2 (2013): 210-241.

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