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GROVES, Naomi Jackson

Montreal, Quebec, 1910
Ottawa, Ontario, 2001
Biography synopsis
Naomi Jackson Groves (nee Jackson) was the eldest daughter of commercial artist H.A.C. Jackson and niece of Canadian artist A.Y. Jackson. While attending high school, Groves began studying at the Art Association of Montreal and took private lessons from Harold Beament and Sarah Robertson. In 1928 Groves traveled to Copenhagen, Denmark where she continued her art studies. In 1936 she returned to the Art Association of Montreal to study with Lilias Torrance Newton. In addition to her studies in art, Groves graduated from McGill University with a B.A. in 1933 and an M.A. in 1935 in Modern Languages. In 1936 Groves traveled through Europe with A.Y. Jackson; she published an account entitled "Two Jacksons Abroad" in 2000. In 1950 Groves earned her doctorate from Harvard University; her dissertation focused on the German sculptor and writer Ernst Barlach. From 1942-43 Groves acted as Assistant Director of the National Gallery of Canada, and in 1951 she joined McMaster University as an Assistant Professor of Fine Arts. Groves was an accomplished writer and translator, publishing a number of works that focused on the life and career of her uncle A.Y. Jackson. In 1972 she received an honorary degree from McMaster University and in 1990 was given the same honor by Carleton University. Widely respected for her scholarship and philanthropy, Groves was awarded the Order of Canada in 1993. Some of her paintings can he found in the collections of the National Gallery of Canada, the Robert McLaughlin Gallery and the McMaster Museum of Art.
Media used
Art Association of Montreal
McGill University, 1929 - 1935
Harvard University, ? - 1950
File & Archive locations
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON
University of Calgary Library, AB
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts / Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, QC
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
Glenbow Archives, AB - Main Catalogue

Writings about
Allison, Catherine. "Versatile Academic 'Wanted to be an Artist': Niece of A.Y. Jackson died Dec. 25 at 91." Ottawa Citizen 28 Dec. 2001: 1
MacDonald, Colin S. The Dictionary of Canadian Artists. (Volumes 1-8 by Colin S. MacDonald, and volume 9 by Anne Newlands and Judith Parker) Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2009.
Prakash, A. K. Independent Spirit: Early Canadian Women's Art Buffalo, New York: Firefly Books, 2008
Stewart, Jack. "Doubly Gifted." Canadian Literature 175 (Winter 2002): 146-147
Westbridge, Anthony R. The Collector's Dictionary of Canadian Artists at Auction. Vancouver: Westbridge Publications, 2001

Writings by
Barlach, Ernst & Naomi Jackson Groves (trans). A Selftold Life. Waterloo, Ontario: Penumbra Press, 1990
Barlach, Ernst & Naomi Jackson Groves (trans). The Dead Day: Drama in Five Acts Waterloo, Ontario: Penumbra Press, 1992
Barlach, Ernst & Naomi Jackson Groves (trans). The Poor Relation: Drama in Twelve Scenes Manotick, Ontario: Penumbra Press, 2001
Barlach, Ernst & Naomi Jackson Groves (trans). The Transformations of God: Seven Woodcuts. Hamburg, Germany: Christians, 1962
Groves, Naomi Jackson. A.Y.'s Canada. Toronto; Vancouver: Clark Irwin Publications, 1968
Groves, Naomi Jackson. Ernst Barlach: the Development of a Versatile Genius Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1950
Groves, Naomi Jackson. One Summer in Québec: AY Jackson in 1925, a Family View. Kapuskasing, Ontario: Penumbra Press, 1988
Groves, Naomi Jackson. The Graphic Art of Ernst Barlach. Ottawa, Ontario: National Gallery of Canada, 1962
Groves, Naomi Jackson. Winter into Summer: Lapland Diary, 1945-1946. Waterloo, Ontario: Penumbra Press, 1989
Groves, Naomi Jackson. Works by A.Y. Jackson from the 1930s. Ottawa, Ontario: Carleton University Press, 1990
Groves, Naomi Jackson. "A.Y.'s Canada: Drawings by A. Y. Jackson." American Artist 33 (Apr. 1969): 34
Groves, Naomi Jackson. "First Christ-figure in Barlach's Work." Canadian Art 21 (May 1964): 153-5
Groves, Naomi Jackson & A.Y. Jackson. A.Y. Jackson: The Arctic 1927. Moonbeam, Ontario: Penumbra Press, 1982
Groves, Naomi Jackson & A.Y. Jackson. Two Jacksons Abroad, 1936. Manotick, Ontario: Penumbra Press, 2000
Groves, Naomi Jackson & Evans, Lindsay A.. Young A.Y. Jackson: Lindsay A. Evans' Memories, 1902-1906. Ottawa, Ontario: EDAHL Productions, 1982
Groves, Naomi Jackson (ed). Ernst Barlach: Life in Work. Königstein im Taunus: K.R. Langewiesche Nachfolger H. Köster, 1972
Rosing, Jens & Naomi Jackson Groves. The Unicorn of the Arctic Sea: the Narwhal and its Habitat Manotick, Ontario: Penumbra Press, 1999
Rosing, Jens & Naomi Jackson Groves (Trans). The Sky Hangs Low. Waterloo, Ontario: Penumbra Press, 1986
Tolgesy, Victor & Naomi Jackson Groves. Acrobatics: a Tale of Fantasy and Reality in Words and Sculpture. Ottawa, Ontario: Edahl Productions, 1985

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