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CRAWFORD, Julia Tilley

Kingston, New Brunswick, 1896
Saint John, New Brunswick, 1968
Biography synopsis
Julia Crawford began her studies in art at the age of twenty-nine when she entered the Pratt Institute of New York. She graduated in 1928, and would later pursue summer classes at both the Cape School of Art in Provincetown, as well as the Berkshire Summer School of Art. Crawford employed different techniques in her work, painting in realistic, abstract, expressionist and non-objective styles. She also used varying media, including oil, watercolour, gouache, pastels, charcoal, and crayon. Her work focuses on the natural world, and she is best known for her landscapes, portraits and floral studies. She held solo shows throughout New Brunswick, and one in Maine. She also participated in the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts Spring Exhibitions from 1936 until 1943. Crawford taught at the Saint John Vocational school from 1928 to 1944, and later at the Netherwood School of New Brunswick from 1944 to 1957.
Media used
Pratt Institute of New York, ? - 1928
Cape School of Art, Provincetown
Berkshire Summer School of Art
File & Archive locations
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Winnipeg Art Gallery, MA - Clara Lander Library
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
Sault Ste Marie Public Library, ON
New Brunswick Museum Archives and Research Library

Writings about
Paintings and drawings from the Estate of the late Julia Crawford. Saint John, New Brunswick: Morrison Art Gallery, 1972
Ayre, Robert. "Art News and Reviews: Canada's Art Exhibition At the World's Fair 'Credit to the Dominion'." Standard (Montreal) 8 May 1939: M7
Frye, Northrop. "Water Colour Annual." Canadian Art 1.5 (12 Jun. 1956): 188
Hashey, Mary W., ed. Maritime Artists Vol. 1. Fredericton: Maritime Art Association, 1967
Loomer, L.S. "Painting in Saint John." Atlantic Advocate 48.7 (Mar. 1958): 47, 49, 51-56
MacDonald, Colin S. The Dictionary of Canadian Artists. (Volumes 1-8 by Colin S. MacDonald, and volume 9 by Anne Newlands and Judith Parker) Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2009.
Maritime Art Association. Paintings by Artists of the Maritimes: Seventh Annual Exhibition. Halifax: Maritime Art Association, 1942
Niergarth, Kirk. ""What Would He Have Us Do?" Gender and the "Profession" of Artist in New Brunswick in the 1930s and 1940s" Rethinking Professionalism. Ed. Kristina Huneault and Janice Anderson Montreal: McGill-Queens Press, 2012
Tippett, Maria. By a Lady. Toronto: Viking, 1992

Writings by
Crawford, Julia. Catalogue of Paintings. Saint John, New Brunswick: New Brunswick Museum, 1957

Full text pdfs of exhibition reviews
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 19, 1936) "Annual Spring Exhibition at Art Association."  Montreal Star  March 20, 1936.  p.8.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 19, 1936) "Spring Exhibition on Generous Scale. Show at Art Gallery Opened Last Night Contains 621 Items."  Gazette (Montreal)  March 20, 1936.  p.2.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 19, 1936) Reynald.  "Les aquarelles d'A.C. Leighton. Suprême hommage au Salon."  La Presse  April 04, 1936.  p.45.   Full-text pdf

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