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KINGSFORD, Winnifred

Toronto, Ontario, 1880
Toronto, Ontario, 1947
Biography synopsis
Until Florence Wyle and Frances Loring arrived in Toronto in 1912, Winnifred Kingsford was considered to be the only practicing woman sculptor in Canada. She began her studies in her hometown; first, at the Toronto Art School, under William Cruikshank and G.A. Reid, and then continuing her training at the Toronto Central Technical School, under Mr. Banks. Subsequently, she left for Paris to study with Antoine Bourdelle for five years. When Kingsford returned to Toronto, she taught art at Havergal College. In addition to more traditional sculpture, the artist also made vases and lamps in an effort to find a larger market for her work. Her piece entitled "Seated Woman" is in the collection of the National Gallery of Canada.
Media used
Toronto Technical Schools (under Mr. Banks)
Private study (under Antoine Bourdelle (Paris, France))
Toronto Art School (under William Cruikshank and G. A. Reid)
File & Archive locations
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC

Writings about
The Canadian Woman's Annual and Social Service Directory. Toronto: McClelland, Goodchild, and Stewart, 1915.
"A Woman's Work." National Post (Toronto) 20 Sept. 2008: TO4.
"Miss W. Sculptress Dies." Evening Telegram (Toronto) 5 Feb. 1947: 4.
"Prominent Sculptress Dies in Toronto." The Ottawa Journal 5 Feb. 1947.
"Winifred Kingsford: Sculptress, Painter Studied in France." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 5 Feb. 1947.
Kerr, Estelle. "Women Sculptors in Toronto." Women's Saturday Night (20 Jun. 1914).
MacDonald, Colin S. The Dictionary of Canadian Artists. (Volumes 1-8 by Colin S. MacDonald, and volume 9 by Anne Newlands and Judith Parker) Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2009.
McMann, Evelyn de Rostaing. Royal Canadian Academy of Arts/Académie royale des arts du Canada: Exhibitions and Members 1880-1979. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981.
Petteys, Chris, et al. Dictionary of Women Artists: An International Dictionary of Women Artists Born Before 1900. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1985.

Full text pdfs of exhibition reviews
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 03, 1915) M.L.A.F..  "Art Exhibition. New Pictures at the Art Gallery-Ontario Society of Artists Exhibits."  Toronto Star  March 12, 1915.  p.10.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 03, 1915) Hector Charlesworth.  "O.S.A.'s Exhibition 1915."  Toronto Saturday Night  March 20, 1915.  p.4.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 03, 1915) Irene B. Wrenshall.  "Toronto."  American Art News  April 10, 1915.  13.27: p.7.   Full-text pdf

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