Home > Artist Database > Bio-bibliographic Database > FAUTEUX-MASSÉ, Henriette

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Coaticook, Quebec, 1924
Sainte-Adèle, Québec, 2005
Biography synopsis
Largely self-taught, Henriette Fauteux-Massé came to painting almost by accident: her first foray into the arts took the form of dance and performance but, at the age of seventeen, a friend offered her his easel, stool, and cast models. Initially interested in this equipment purely for its decorative value, she soon gave up dance and began painting seriously. Her artistic education began with three trips to New York City (1946-48), where she spoke with fellow artists and visited museums. In her early years, she was particularly interested in French painters, such as Fouquet and Poussin, and early Italian artists, like Giotto and Piero della Francesca. In 1951, she was awarded a scholarship from the Quebec government and travelled to Paris, where she received her first formal training under artist Andre Lhote. However, her desire to follow her own self-teaching plan prevailed and, upon her return home, she spent five years painting by herself in an effort to refine her particular abstract style. In addition to lyrical abstracts, Fauteux-Massé also became known for landscapes and portraiture (after 1970, the latter became her genre of choice). She participated in several group shows both in Canada and abroad, including The Winnipeg Show (1959), the International Painting Competition at Granby, Quebec (where she won first prize), and exhibits in Paris at the Musée d'art moderne and the Salon des femmes peintres. A founding member of the Conseil de la peinture (from 1966), she was also a member of the Non-Figurative Artists' Association of Montreal (1957-60), and the Société des artistes professionels du Québec (from 1968). Her work can be found in the National Gallery of Canada and the Musée du Québec.
Media used
Private study, 1951 - ? (under Andre Lhote)
Conseil de la peinture, 1966
Non-Figurative Artists' Association of Montreal, 1957
Societe des artistes professionels du Quebec, 1968
File & Archive locations
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts / Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, QC
Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, QC - Media Centre
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Toronto Reference Library, ON
University of British Columbia - Fine Arts Library
Winnipeg Art Gallery, MA - Clara Lander Library
Leonard and Bina Ellen Art Gallery, QC
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC

Writings about
"Nouvel encan au Club de Beaux-Arts." La Presse 12 Jan. 1959
Antaki, Karen. Montreal Women Artists of the 1950's. Montreal: Concordia Art Gallery, 1988
Aquin, Stephane. "L'abstraction à Montréal." Voir (Montreal) 12 May 1994: 26
Asselin, Hedwidge. 25 ans du Conseil: 25 ans de peinture. Montreal: Le Conseil de la peinture du Quebec, 1991
Ayre, Robert. "Variety of Exhibits On View In Two Big Shows at Museum." Star (Toronto) 31 Jan. 1959
Forsey, Joan. "Quebec's Top Women Painters 'A Phenomenon'." The Gazette (Montreal) 12 Mar. 1963.
Hakim, Mona. "Montréal, ville abstraite." Le Devoir (Montreal) 7 May 1994: C13
Hill, C.C. and P.B. Landry, eds. National Gallery Catalogue, Canadian Art. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1988
Jaque, Louis. "Henriette Fauteux-Masse." Vie des arts 21 (Christmas 1960): 48-51
Lepage, Jocelyne. "Le Conseil de la peinture a 25 ans mais a-t-il des dents?" La Presse (Montreal) 26 Oct. 1991: D10
Levy, Bernard. "Une poétique du présent: Fauteux-Massé, à l'apogée." Vie des arts 61 (Hiver 1970-71): 56- 57
MacDonald, Colin S. The Dictionary of Canadian Artists. (Volumes 1-8 by Colin S. MacDonald, and volume 9 by Anne Newlands and Judith Parker) Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2009.
McMann, Evelyn de Rostaing. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Formerly Art Association of Montreal: Spring Exhibitions, 1880-1970. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988
McMann, Evelyn de Rostaing. Royal Canadian Academy of Arts/Académie royale des arts du Canada: Exhibitions and Members 1880-1979 Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981
Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal. Fauteux-Masse. Montreal: Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, 1966
Musée d'art de Joliette. L'école des femmes: 50 artistes canadiennes au musée / The School of Women: 50 Canadian Artists at the Museum. Joliette: Musée d'art de Joliette, 2003
Pageot, Edith-Anne. Henriette Fauteux-Masse: L'oeuvre abstrait. St. Jerome, QC: Musée contemporain des Laurentides, 2005
Pageot, Edith-Anne. "Henriette Fauteux-Masse: L'oeuvre abstrait." Vie des arts 50 (Automne 2005): 41-44
Paikowsky, Sandra. The Girls and The Grid: Montreal Women Abstract Painters in the 1950s and Early 1960s Rethinking Professionalism: Women and Art in Canada, 1850-1970. Ed. Kristina Huneault and Janice Anderson. Montreal and Kingston:: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2012: 259-281
Prakash, A. K. Independent Spirit: Early Canadian Women's Art Buffalo, New York: Firefly Books, 2008
Repentigny, R. de. "Les "plasticiens" et deux femmes-peintres." La Presse 9 Nov. 1954
Robert, Guy. La peinture au Québec depuis ses origines. Sainte-Adèle, QC: Iconia, 1978
Tippett, Maria. By a Lady. Toronto: Viking, 1992
Trepanier, Jean. Cent peintres du Québec. Ville LaSalle: Hurtubise HMH, 1980

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