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SIMCOE, Elizabeth Posthuma Gwillim

Northamptonshire, England, 1762?
Honiton, England, 1850
Biography synopsis
Elizabeth Simcoe (nee Gwillim) traveled in Canada with her husband John Graves Simcoe, the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada from 1791 to 1796. Simcoe wrote a diary describing her sojourn in Canada. She was considered an accomplished artist, and produced over 500 drawings and watercolours of Upper and Lower Canada. She also produced maps. Many of her works are held at the Archives of Ontario.
Media used
File & Archive locations
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Vancouver Art Gallery, BC - Library
Winnipeg Art Gallery, MA - Clara Lander Library
McMaster University, ON - Mills Memorial Library
Archives of Ontario
Canadian Museum of Civilization Archives, QC
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON
Law Society of Upper Canada Archives, ON
Canadian Centre for Architecture, QC - Library
Yale University Library, CT
Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, VA - John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library

Writings about
A Catalogue of Important Canadian Paintings, Drawings, Watercolours, Books and Prints of the 19th and 20th centuries including Mohawk Village, Grand River, 1793, by Elizabeth Simcoe. Toronto: Sotheby, 1970.
"Elizabeth Simcoe Drawings Discovered in Devon Archives." Ontario Bulletin (Oct. 1976).
"Old Times in Ontario ... No. 1." Toronto Daily Star 8 Feb. 1958.
Archives of Ontario. "Travels with Elizabeth Simcoe: A Visual Journey Through Upper and Lower Canada." Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2005.
Bassett, John M. Elizabeth Simcoe: First Lady of Upper Canada. Don Mills, Ontario: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 1974.
Béland, Mario. Painting in Quebec, 1820-1850: New Views, New Perspectives. Québec: Musée du Québec, 1992.
Boutilier, Alicia & Tobi Bruce. The Artist Herself : Self-portraits by Canadian Historical Women Artists / L'artiste elle-même : autoportraits de femmes artistes au Canada. Kingston, ONT.: Agnes Etherinton Art Centre. Hamilton: Art Gallery Hamilton, 2015.
Carnochan, Janet. "Mrs. John Graves Simcoe." Niagara Historical Society 36 (1924): 38-54.
Dignam, Mary Ella. "Canadian Women in the Development of Art." Women of Canada: Their Life and Work. Toronto: National Council of Women of Canada, 1900.
Dufebvre, B. Cinq Femmes et Nous. Quebec: Belisle, 1950.
Forster, J. W. L. "The Early Artists of Ontario." Canadian Magazine 5 (May-Oct. 1895): 18-22.
Fowler, Marian. The Embroidered Tent : Five Gentlewomen in Early Canada, Elizabeth Simcoe, Catharine Parr Traill, Susanna Moodie, Anna Jameson, Lady Dufferin. Toronto: House of Anansi Press, 1982.
Fowler, Marian. "Portrait of Elizabeth Simcoe." Ontario History 69.2 (June 1977): 79-100.
Fryer, Mary Beacock. Elizabeth Posthuma Simcoe 1796-1850: A Biography. Toronto: Duncan Press, 1989.
Gerry, Tom. "Extremes Meet: Elizabeth Simcoe's Birchbark Landscapes." Queen's Quarterly 106.4 (Winter 1999): 588-601.
Ghent, Percy. "In The Spotlight: Mrs. John Graves Simcoe, Pioneer Artist and Diarist." Toronto Evening Telegram 30 Nov. 1950.
Guillet, Edwin C. "Among the most valuable paintings in the Ontario archives collection are...." Toronto Star 8 Feb. 1958.
Guillet, Edwin C. "Old Times in Ontario: Castle Frank Circa 1794." Toronto Daily Star 28 Feb. 1959.
Hanlon, Michael. "Elizabeth Simcoe's drawings to go on view." Toronto Star 28 Apr. 1993.
Hume, Christopher. "Mrs. Simcoe's romantic Upper Canada." Toronto Star 18 Aug. 1993.
Jackson, Marg. "A Sure Sign of Spring: Birds come to McLaughlin gallery." Oshawa Times 29 May 1980: 3.
Kear, Celine. "Canada's First Literary Ladies." Beaver 80.1 (Feb-Mar. 2002): 15-20.
Korda, Andrea. "Femininity, the Picturesque, and the Canadian Landscape: The Drawings and Watercolours of Elizabeth Simcoe and Elizabeth Hale." Atlantis 30.2 (2006): 8-21.
Longchamps, Denis.. Elizabeth Simcoe (1762-1850): une amateure et intellectuelle anglaise dans les Canadas. Son oeuvre écrite et dessinée, et le projet colonial. Concordia University, 2009.
Mackenzie-Grieve, Averil. The Great Accomplishment. London: Bles, 1953.
McLaughlin, Florence. First Lady of Upper Canada. Don Mills, Ontario: Burns & MacEachern, 1968.
Miller, Eric. "Elizabeth Simcoe and the Fate of the Picturesque." The Rhetoric of Canadian Writing. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002.
Morgan, H. J., ed. Types of Canadian Women and of women who have been connected with Canada. Toronto: W. Briggs, 1903.
Public Archives of Canada. Image of Canada. Ottawa: Information Canada, 1972.
Rand, Margaret. "Elizabeth Simcoe, 1766-1850: First Artist of Upper Canada." Canadian Antiques and Art Review 2.4 (Dec-Jan. 1980-81): 20-24.
Ritzlin, Mary. Women's Contributions to North American Cartography: Four Profiles. Meridian 2 (1989): 5-16.
Scadding, Henry. A Simcoe Relic among the Thousand Isles in 1796. Fragment of a MS. Journal of Mrs. Simcoe. Toronto: 1896.
Scadding, Henry. A Simcoe Relic Scrapbook, 1796-1886. Canada: Law Society of Upper Canada, 1886.
Sotheby and Co. (Canada). Canadian Art At Auction 1968-1975. Toronto: Sotheby and Co, 1975.
Van Steen, Marcus. Governor Simcoe and His Lady. Toronto and London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1968.
Wilson, Bruce. Elizabeth Simcoe (1766-1850): Introduction and Catalogue. Ottawa: Public Archives of Canada, 1978.

Writings by
Simcoe, Elizabeth. Elizabeth Simcoe: The Canadian Years, 1791-1796. London, Ontario: London Regional Art & Historical Museums, 1993.
Simcoe, Elizabeth. The Diary of Mrs. John Graves Simcoe, Wife of the First Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of Upper Canada, 1792-6. J Ross Robertson. Toronto: Coles Pub. Co, 1911 [reprint 1973].
Simcoe, Elizabeth [edited by Mary Quayle Innis]. Mrs. Simcoe's Diary. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1965.

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