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HALE, Elizabeth Frances Amherst

Walcot, England, 1774
Quebec City, Quebec, 1826
Biography synopsis
Elizabeth Hale accompanied her husband, deputy paymaster general of British troops, to Quebec City in 1799. Like many British women at this time she had learned to paint from a Picturesque point of view. Her drawings and watercolours focused on urban and rural landscapes including the seigneury in Ste. Anne de la Perade which the Hales owned. Among the watercolor and drawing works held by Archives Canada, she filled a small sketchbook with representations of the siegneury. A watercolour depicting York (Toronto) points to her copy work as she had not visited this location. A few of her later watercolours are in the collection of the Musee national du Quebec.
Media used
File & Archive locations
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
Eastern Townships Resource Centre Archival & Photo Collection, QC
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON

Writings about
"Died." Quebec Mercury 20 Jun. 1826
"La Famille Hale." Bulletin des recherches historiques 38 (Dec. 1932): 750-51
"On Saturday..." Quebec Gazette 11 Jul. 1799
"Port of Quebec." Quebec Gazette 13 Jun. 1816
Béland, Mario. "Elizabeth Frances Hale: 1774-1826." La Peinture au Québec 1820-1850: Nouveaux Regards, Nouvelles Perspectives. Québec: Musée du Québec, 1991: 277-282
Bell, Michael. Painters in a New Land: From Annapolis Royal to the Klondike. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1973
Coates, Colin. "A Picturesque Landscape." The Metamorphoses of Landscape and Community in Early Quebec. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2000: 144-161
Coates, Colin M. "Like 'The Thames Towards Putney': The Appropriation of Landscape in Lower Canada." Canadian Historical Review 74.1 (1993): 317-343
Cockburn, James Pattison. The last "lion": Rambles in Quebec with James Pattison Cockburn, incorporating Quebec and its environs, a reproduction of the 1831 guidebook. Kingston: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 1978
Cooke, W. Martha E. W. H. Coverdale Collection of Canadiana: Paintings, Watercolours and Drawings, Manoir Richelieu Collection. Ottawa: Public Archives of Canada, 1983
Finley, Gerald E. George Heriot: Postmaster-painter of the Canadas. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1983
Gignac, Gilbert. "Elizabeth Frances Hale." La Peinture au Québec, 1820-1850. Quebec: Musée du Québec, 1991: 276-282
Harper, J. Russell. A People's Art: Primitive, Naïve, Provincial and Folk Painting in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto, 1974
Harper, J. Russell. Early Painters and Engravers in Canada Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1970
Kobayashi, Terry and Michael Bird. A Compendium of Canadian Folk Artists. Erin, Ontario: Boston Mills Press, 1985
Korda, Andrea. "Femininity, the Picturesque, and the Canadian Landscape: The Drawings and Watercolours of Elizabeth Simcoe and Elizabeth Hale." Atlantis 30.2 (2006): 8-21
Lamarche, Helene. "Elizabeth Frances Hale, seigneuresse [de Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade] et artiste." Mémoires de la Société généalogique canadienne-française 55.2 (Summer 2004):125-127
Martin, Sandra. "Rhyme and Reason: St. Lawrence yields centuries of fascinating women." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 10 Jul. 2002: 1
McKendry, Blake. A to Z of Canadian Art: Artists and Art Terms. Kingston: B. McKendry, 1997
McKendry, Blake. Dictionary of Folk Artists in Canada: From the 17th Century to the Present. Elginburg: Blake McKendry, 1988
McKenzie, Ruth. "Fanny Amelia Bayfield (Wright)." Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online Ottawa: Libraries and Archives Canada, 2008
Musee du Quebec. La Collection des dessins et estampes: 80 oeuvres choisies. Quebec: Musee du Quebec, 1991
Musee du Quebec. "Les artistes: Hale, Elizabeth Frances." Paysages: Agenda d'art 1990. Quebec: Musee du Quebec, 1990
Orlebar, Frances Hale. "Memories." Island 43 (Spring/Summer 1998): 31-39
Petteys, Chris, et al. Dictionary of Women Artists: An International Dictionary of Women Artists Born Before 1900. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1985
Sotheby and Co. (Canada). Canadian Art At Auction 1968-1975. Toronto: Sotheby and Co, 1975
Timperlake, J., compiler. Illustrated Toronto: Past and Present Toronto: P.A. Gross, 1877

Writings by
Hale, Elizabeth Frances. The Rising Country: the Hale-Amherst Correspondence, 1799-1825. Toronto: Champlain Society, 2002

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