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MAYNARD, Hannah Hatherly

Bude, England, 1834
Victoria, British Columbia, 1918
Biography synopsis
Hannah Hatherly married Richard Maynard in 1852 and sailed with him to Canada, where they lived in the province of Ontario. They subsequently moved to the colony of Vancouver Island along with their four children in 1862. Maynard, having learned photography in Ontario, opened one of the city's first portrait studios, Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery in Victoria. The Maynards traveled throughout the Pacific Northwest, creating an extensive collection of negatives. While both Hannah Maynard and her husband Richard practiced landscape photography, Maynard's most adventurous work had to do with with techniques such as photosculpture, multiple exposures, composite images, and cut-and-paste montage. Maynard's work in both landscape and portrait photography has made an important contribution to the documentation of British Columbia history. A likely influence on Maynard's experimentation with multiple exposures in the 1890s and their unique self reflection was her involvement with the spiritualist movement.
Media used
File & Archive locations
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
University of British Columbia - Fine Arts Library
University of Calgary Library, AB
Vancouver Art Gallery, BC - Library
Winnipeg Art Gallery, MA - Clara Lander Library
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
Vancouver Public Library, BC - Fine Arts and History Department
University of Victoria, BC - McPherson Library
British Columbia Archives

Writings about
"...among the collection..." St. Louis Photographer 12. 7 (Jul. 1894): 341
"Mrs. Maynard is celebrated..." Practical Photographer (1 May 1894): 109-10
"Notice of Removal." Colonist (Victoria) 23 Oct. 1874
"Our Picture." St. Louis Photographer (1885): 297
"Prominent among the leading...." New West (Winnipeg) (1888): 200
"Through a Lens Darkly: Hannah Maynard lived in a era when." Times-Colonist (Victoria) 3 Jul. 1995: 1
Allen, Mary. Situating Hannah Maynard: A Comparison with Hannah Hoch History of Photography 33.3 (Aug 2009): 237-48
Bellerby, George. The Photographs of Hannah Maynard: 19th Century Portraits. Vancouver: Charles H. Scott Gallery, 1992
Blackman, Margaret B. "Studio Indians: Cartes de visite of Native People in British Columbia, 1862-1872." Archivaria 21 (Winter 1985-1986): 68-86
Boutilier, Alicia & Tobi Bruce. The Artist Herself : Self-portraits by Canadian Historical Women Artists / L'artiste elle-même : autoportraits de femmes artistes au Canada. Kingston, ONT.: Agnes Etherinton Art Centre. Hamilton: Art Gallery Hamilton, 2015
Bridge, Kathryn. "The Maynard Northwest Coast Photographs at the Southwest Museum: The History of a Collection." Masterkey 61.4 (1988): 3-10
Cavell, Edward. Sometimes a Great Nation: A Photo Album of Canada, 1850-1925. Banff: Altitude Publications, 1984
Close, Susan Michelle. Framing Identity: Mattie Gunterman, Geraldine Moodie and the Social Practice of Photography in Canada (1880 - 1920). Ottawa: Carleton University (M.A. thesis), 1995
Cobb, Myrna and Sher Morgan. Eight Women Photographers of British Columbia, 1860-1978. Victoria, British Columbia: Camosun College, 1978
Coles, Martin. "Camera Angle: Photographer's images had viewers doing double takes." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 28 Sept. 1985: E18
Converse, Cathy. Mainstays: Women Who Shaped B.C.. Markham: Fitzhenry and Whiteside, 2000
Cronin, J. Keri. "Photographic Memory: Image, Identity, and the "Imaginary Indian" in Three Recent Canadian Exhibitions." Essays on Canadian Writing 80 (Fall 2003): 81-116
Dammer, Anita. "Hannah Maynard (1834-1918)." Photo Life 29 (Nov. 2004): 82
Finlay, K.A. and Shea, T.. "A Woman's Place" Art and the Role of Women in the Cultural Formation of Victoria B.C. 1850s-1920s Victoria, B.C.: Maltwood Art Museum and Gallery, University of Victoria, 2004
Forster, Merna. 100 Canadian Heroines: Famous and Forgotten Faces. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2004
French, William. "Photo Genius Ahead of Her Time." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 20 Nov. 1980
Green, Valerie. "Hannah Maynard: Rebel With a Camera." Focus on Women (Mar. 1992): 28-31
Greenhill, Ralph and Andrew Birrell. Canadian Photography : 1839-1920 Toronto: The Coach House, 1979
Hume, Stephen. "Pushing the Political and Artistic Envelope Series: frontier women in BC: portrait of a nation's soul." Vancouver Sun 19 Dec. 2002: A6
Humphreys, Danda. "Faces and places from early BC." Times-Colonist (Victoria) 27 Sept. 1998: 3
Jones, Laura. Rediscovery: Canadian Women Photographers 1841-1941, May 13th-June 27th, 1983. London, Ontario: London Regional Art Gallery, 1983
Kuntz, Haley. On Their Own Terms : True Stories of Trailblazing Women of Vancouver Island. Victoria, B.C: Heritage House Publishing, 2020
Laurence, Robin. "The photographs of Hannah Maynard, Charles H. Scott Gallery, Vancouver - Review." Canadian Art 9.4 (Winter 1992): 70
Lazebnik, Elizabeth. Hannah Maynard. Toronto: Lumanity Productions, 2004
Maltwood Museum and Gallery. A Woman's Place: Art and the Role of Women in the Cultural Formation of Victoria, B.C., 1850s-1920s. Victoria: Maltwood Museum and Gallery, University of Victoria, 2004
Mattison, David. "Richard Maynard: Photographer of Victoria, B.C." History of Photography 9 (Apr-Jun. 1985): 109-29
Mattison, David. "The Multiple Self of Hannah Maynard." Vanguard 9 (8 Oct. 1980): 14-9
Mattison, David. "The Victoria Theatre Photographic Gallery (and the Gallery Next Door)." British Columbia Historical News 14.2 (1980): 1-14
Mattison, David. "What about Rappertie?" Times-Colonist (Victoria) 12 Jan. 2003
Murphy, Patrick. "B.C.'s Overlooked Female Pioneers Forged New Roles." Times-Colonist (Victoria) 3 Oct. 1994: 1
Murphy, Patrick. "Women's Contributions Touted." Times-Colonist (Victoria) 8 Oct. 1998: B7
Neering, Rosemary. "An Eccentric Eye." B.C. Magazine 48.4 (Winter 2006): 50-8
Rosenberg, Ann. "Art You Can Bank On." Vancouver Sun 25 Jul. 1992: D9
Salahub, Jennifer. Hannah Maynard: Crafting Professional Identity Rethinking Professionalism. Ed. Kristina Huneault and Janice Anderson Montreal: McGill Queens Press, 2012:135-167
Salahub, Jennifer E.. Hanna Maynard The Artist Herself: Self-portraits by Canadian Historical Women Artists / L'artiste elle-même : autoportraits de femmes artistes au Canada. Ed. Alicia Boutilier & Tobi Bruce. Kingston, Ont : Hamilton, Ont: Agnes Etherington Art Centre : Art Gallery of Hamilton, 2015. 60-63, 145
Savard, Dan. Images from the Likeness House Victoria: Royal British Columbia Museum, 2010
Schwartz, Joan. "Canada." The Oxford Companion to the Photograph Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006
Skidmore, Colleen. Rare Merit: Women in Photography in Canada, 1840-1940 Vancouver, B.C.: UBC Press, 2022
Thomas, Alan. "Photography of the Indians: Concept and Practice on the Northwest Coast." BC Studies 52 (Winter 1981-2): 61-85
Watson, Petra Rigby. "Hannah Maynard's Multiple Exposures." History of Photography 20 (Summer 1996): 155-7
Wilks, Claire Weissman. The Magic Box: The Eccentric Genius of Hannah Maynard. Toronto: Exile Editions, 1980
Wilks, Claire Weissman. "The Eccentric Genius of Hannah Maynard." Toronto Saturday Night 95.9 (Nov 1980): 35-40
Williams, Carol. "Beyond Illustration: Illuminations of the Photographic "Frontier'." Journal of the West 46.2 (2007): 29-40.
Williams, Carol Jane. Framing the West: Race, Gender and the Photographic "Frontier" on the Northwest Coast, 1858-1912. Rutgers: State University of New Jersey, 1999

Writings by
Maynard, Hannah Hatherly. Richard and Hannah Maynard, Photographic Artists: Views of Victoria and Vicinity. Victoria: Provincial Archives of British Columbia, 1980

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