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CHAPLIN, Millicent Mary

Leadenham, Lincolnshire, England, 1790
Normanby Park, Lincolnshire, England, 1858
Biography synopsis
Amateur artist Millicent Mary Chaplin came to Canada with her husband, Thomas Chaplin, a lieutenant-colonel in the Coldstream Guards, when he was posted to Quebec (then Lower Canada) from 1838-42. Working primarily in watercolour (and signing her works "MMC"), Chaplin captured many views of Ottawa, Quebec (particularly the Montmorency Falls) and the Maritime provinces, and also delighted in depicting the locals, paying particular attention to customs and dress. In addition to producing original scenes, Chaplin also copied works by professional watercolourists she may have been acquainted with, including James Hope-Wallace, Henry William Barnard, and Philip John Bainbrigge. Almost all of her works were contained in a single sketchbook, comprising over 130 drawings, now in the collection of the National Archives of Canada. She is also represented in the Sigmund Samuel Collection at the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto.
Media used
File & Archive locations
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON

Writings about
Allodi, Mary. Canadian Watercolours and Drawings in the Royal Ontario Museum. Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum, 1974.
Barbeau, Marius. I Have Seen Québec Toronto: Macmillan, 1957.
Béland, Mario. Painting in Quebec, 1820-1850: New Views, New Perspectives. Québec: Musée du Québec, 1992.
Beland, Mario, ed.. Millicent Mary Chaplin La Peinture au Québec 1820-1850: Nouveaux Regards, Nouvelles Perspectives Québec, Québec: Musée du Québec, 1991: 218-221.
Bell, Michael. Painters in a New Land: From Annapolis Royal to the Klondike. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1973.
Burant, James, ed.. Drawing on the Land: the New World Travel Diaries and Watercolours of Millicent Mary Chaplin, 1838-1842 Manotick, Ontario: Penumbra Press, 2004.
Burant, Jim. "The Military Artist and the Documentary Art Record" Archivaria No.26 (Summer 1988): 33-51.
Cooke, W. Martha E. W. H. Coverdale Collection of Canadiana: Paintings, Watercolours and Drawings, Manoir Richelieu Collection. Ottawa: Public Archives of Canada, 1983.
Harper, J. Russell. Early Painters and Engravers in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1970.
Huneault, Kristina. I'm Not Myself at All: Women, Art, and Subjectivity in Canada. Montreal; Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2018.
Huneault, Kristina. "Placing Frances Hopkins: A British Born Artist in Colonial Canada." Local/global : Women Artists in the Nineteenth Century. Editors Deborah Cherry and Janice Helland Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate, 2006: 179-200.
Lacoursière, Jacques, et al.. Canada-Québec: synthèse historique, 1534-2000 Sillery, QC: Septentrion, 2001.
Lambert, Pierre. Les anciennes diligences du Québec: Le transport en voiture publique du XIXe siècle Sillery, QC: Septentrion, 1998.
Larin, Robert. Brève histoire du peuplement européen en Nouvelle-France Sillery, QC: Septentrion, 2000.
Lepailleur, Francois Maurice, and Frank Murray Greenwood. Land of a Thousand Sorrows: The Australian Prison Journal, 1840-1842, of the Exiled Canadien Patriote, Francois Maurice Lepailleur Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1980.
Lerner, Loren R. and Mary F. Williamson. Art and Architecture in Canada: A Bibliography and Guide to the Literature to 1981 Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991.
Mangan, J.A., and Andrew Ritchie, eds.. Ethnicity, Sport, Identity: Struggles for Status New York and London: Routledge, 2004.
McKendry, Blake. A to Z of Canadian Art: Artists and Art Terms. Kingston: B. McKendry, 1997.
McKendry, Blake. Dictionary of Folk Artists in Canada: From the 17th Century to the Present. Elginburg: Blake McKendry, 1988.
National Archives of Canada. Annual Review of the National Archives of Canada [1997] Ottawa: The Archives, 1997.
Nesmith, Tom. Canadian Archival Studies and the Rediscovery of Provenance Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1993.
Noel, Jan. "Drawing on the Land: The New World Travel Diaries and Watercolours of Millicent Mary Chaplin, 1838-1842" Ontario History vol. 97, no. 2, Autumn 2005: 230-231..
Petteys, Chris, et al. Dictionary of Women Artists: An International Dictionary of Women Artists Born Before 1900. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1985.
Porter, John R., and Didier Prioul. Québec plein la vue Quebec: Musée du Québec, 1994.
Poulter, Gillian. "Snowshoeing and Lacrosse: Canada's Nineteenth-Century 'National Games'" Sport in Society Vol. 6, no. 2/3 (October 2003): 293-320.
Public Archives of Canada. General Guide Series 1983: Picture Division Ottawa: The Archives, 1984.
Public Archives of Canada. The Archivist [1997] Ottawa: The Archives, 1997.
Sparling, Mary. "Nova Scotia Women and the Ornamental Branches." Great Expectations: the European Vision in Nova Scotia: 1749-1848. Halifax: Mount Saint Vincent University, 1980: 53-72.
Sparling, Mary. "The Lighter Auxiliaries": Women Artists in Nova Scotia in the early Nineteenth Century. Atlantis 5.1 (Fall 1979): 83-106.
Tippett, Maria. By a Lady. Toronto: Viking, 1992.

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