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Salluit, Quebec, 1915
Cape Dorset, Nunavut, 1982
Biography synopsis
Lucy Qinnuayuak (Tickeetoo/Tikeetook/Quinnuajuak/Quinnuayak/Quinnayuak) was a prolific graphic artist born in Salluit, Northern Quebec (some sources state Coral Harbour, Northwest Territories, and Sugluk, Quebec). At a young age, she and her family moved to Baffin Island, where they settled in the Inuit community of Cape Dorset. Qinnuayuak later married Tikituk, a sculptor and graphic artist. In the 1950's, she learned drawing and printmaking while living in Supujuak camp, an outpost near Cape Dorset. Qinnuayuak's drawings were later transferred into prints. The most common motif in the artist's works is the bird, which is often depicted with human characteristics. Qinnuayuak's sophisticated compositions along with her lively color palette have made her one of the most respected Inuit artists of her generation. Qinnuayuak's works have been collected and exhibited across Canada and internationally. In 1989, Arctic Artistry in New York held a solo exhibition of the artist's work titled "Birds and Flowers: Eskimo Graphics by Lucy Quinnuayuak." One of her designs was chosen to adorn an Olympic banner in 1976. In the 1970's, she began experimenting with acrylics and mixed media, creating highly expressive paintings. Qinnuayuak's drawings and prints are presently located at the Canadian Museum of Civilization in Hull, the Edmonton Art Gallery, the Macdonald Stewart Art Centre, the National Gallery of Canada, and the Museum of Anthropology in British Columbia, among many others.
Media used
File & Archive locations
University of Calgary Library, AB
University of British Columbia - Fine Arts Library
Vancouver Art Gallery, BC - Library
McMichael Canadian Art Collection, ON - Library and Archives
London Public Library, ON
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
Winnipeg Art Gallery, MA - Clara Lander Library
Thunder Bay Art Gallery, ON - Resource Centre
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON

Writings about
American Indian Art Magazine 26 (2000): 77-79.
Biographies of Inuit Artists, Volumes One and Two. Ottawa: Canadian Arctic Producers, Arctic Co-operatives Limited, 1984.
Cape Dorset Calendar 1983. Cape Dorset, Northwest Territories: West-Baffin Eskimo Co-operative, 1981.
"Cape Dorset Inuit Art and Inuit Cultural Perspectives/ Art Inuit de Cape Dorset et perspectives culturelles des Inuits." SchoolNet Digital Collections Project Ottawa: Industry Canada, 2000.
"In Memoriam." About Arts and Crafts 5.3 (1982): 26-28.
"Lucy Quinnuayuak." Spirit Wrestler Gallery 2010
"Nine Women Artists to Be Honored." Inuit Art Quarterly 7.1 (Winter 1992): 43.
"Optimistic Owl." [Reproduction] Inuit Art Quarterly 18.3 (Fall 2003): 6.
"Owl With Bright Plumage and Two Figures Wearing Parkas." [Reproduction] Inuit Art Quarterly 19.2 (Summer 2004): cover.
"Pilatuktu (Skinning the Seal)." [Reproduction] Inuit Art Quarterly 24.2 (Summer 2009): 5.
AboriginArt Galleries. "Lucy Qinnuayuak (Tickeetoo; Quinnuajuak; Tikeetook)." 1995
Albers Gallery of Inuit Art. Paintings from Cape Dorset. San Francisco, California: 2000.
Art Gallery of Ontario. Flights of Fancy. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1990.
Beaverbrook Art Gallery. The Murray and Marguerite Vaughan Inuit Print Collection. Fredericton, New Brunswick: Beaverbrook Art Gallery, 1981.
Blakeman, Evelyn. "Lucy Quinnuajuak (1915-1982) [In Memoriam]." Inuit Art Enthusiasts Newsletter (Nov. 1982): 1-4.
Blakeman, Evelyn. "Stones, Bones, Cloth and Paper: Inuit Art in Edmonton Collections." Inuit Art Enthusiasts Newsletter (Dec. 1984): 1-3.
Blodgett, Jean. Eskimo Narrative. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1979.
Blodgett, Jean. Grasp Tight the Old Ways: Selections From the Klamer Family Collection of Inuit Art. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1983.
Blodgett, Jean. In Cape Dorset We Do It This Way: Three Decades of Inuit Printmaking. Kleinburg, Ont.: McMichael Canadian Art Collection, 1991.
Casino Gallery. Ulu/Inua: Form and Fantasy in Eskimo Art. Ravinia Park, Chicago: 1974.
Cherry, Zena. "After Fashion: After 82 Years, A First." Globe and Mail (13 Apr. 1976).
Collinson, Helen et al. Inuit Games and Contests: The Clifford E. Lee Collection of Prints. Edmonton, Alberta: University of Alberta Press, 1978.
Crandall, Richard C. Inuit Art: A History. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2000.
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Chisel and Brush/Le ciseau et la brosse. Ottawa: Indian Affairs and Northern Development, 1987.
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Contemporary Indian and Inuit Art of Canada. New York: Indian Affairs and Northern Development, 1983.
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. We Lived by Animals/ Nous vivions des animaux. Ottawa: Indian Affairs and Northern Development, 1978.
Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Die Kunst aus der Arktis. Frankfurt, Germany: (1985-1986).
Driscoll-Engelstad, Bernadette. Uumajut - Animal Imagery in Inuit Art. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1985.
Eber, Dorothy Harley. "Visits With Pia." Beaver (Winter 1983): 20-27.
Furneaux, Patrick & Rosshandler, Leo. Arts of the Eskimos: Prints. Montreal: Signum Press and Oxford University Press, 1974.
Gimpel, Charles. "A Collector's View." Beaver (Autumn 1967): 72-75.
Goetz, Helga. The Contemporary Eskimo Prints and Sculpture. Fort Worth: Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, 1977.
Government of Canada. Canadian Aboriginal Art at the Senate. Ottawa: Government of Canada, 2007.
Gray, Philip Howard. Directory of Eskimo Artists in Sculpture and Prints. Bozeman, Montana: Philip Howard Gray, 1974.
Gustavison, Susan. Arctic Expressions: Inuit Art and the Canadian Eskimo Arts Council, 1961-1989. Kleinburg, Ontario: McMichael Canadian Art Collection, 1994.
Hale, Barrie. "The Snow Prints: Inuit Visions in an Adopted Art Form." Toronto Star (5 Jun. 1976).
Heller, Jules and Nancy. North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century. New York: Garland, 1995.
Hobbs, Anna. "From Cape Dorset: The Vivid Imagery of Our Inuit Artists." Canadian Living (Nov. 1982): 41-47.
Houston, James A. Eskimo Prints. Longmans Canada, 1971.
Inuit Gallery of Vancouver. Return of the Birds. Vancouver: Vancouver Art Gallery, 1983.
Jackson, Marion E. & Judith Nasby. Contemporary Inuit Drawings. Guelph, Ontario: MacDonald Stewart Art Centre, 1987.
Jackson, Marion Elizabeth. "Inuit Prints: Impressions of a Culture in Transition." LSA 9.1 (Fall 1985): 6-12.
Jerusalem Artists' House Museum. Polar Vision: Canadian Eskimo Graphics. Jerusalem: Na'amat, 1978.
Lagassé, Robert. Northern Exposure: Inuit Images of Travel, May 1 Through June 8, 1986. Burnaby, British Columbia: Burnaby Art Gallery, 1986.
Lalonde, Christine. "Artists in the Arctic." Inuit Art Quarterly 18.3 (Fall 2003): 40-42.
Lerner, Loren R. and Mary F. Williamson. Art and Architecture in Canada: A Bibliography and Guide to the Literature to 1981 Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991.
Leroux, Odette, Marion E. Jackson and Minnie Aodla. Inuit Women Artists: Voices from Cape Dorset. Vancouver, British Columbia: Douglas & McIntyre, 1994.
Lewin, Michelle. Art By Women: An Investigation of Inuit Sculpture and Graphics. Toronto, Ontario: Feheley Fine Arts, 2002.
Lipton, Barbara. Arctic Vision: Art of the Canadian Inuit: A Traveling Exhibition. Canadian Arctic Producers, 1984.
Lutz, Maija. "The Raven and the Loon: Inuit Prints and Sculptures from the Chauncey C. Nash Collection." Inuit Art Quarterly 15.2 (Summer 2000): 30-1.
Marsh, James, ed. Canadian Encyclopedia Online. Historical Foundation, 2009
Muscarelle Museum of Art. Contemporary Inuit Drawings: The Gift Collection of Frederick and Lucy S. Herman. Williamsburg, Virginia: College of William and Mary in Virginia, 1993.
National Gallery of Canada; Canadian Eskimo Art Committee. Cape Dorset - A Decade of Eskimo Prints and Recent Sculptures. Ottawa: 1967.
National Gallery of Modern Art. Eskimo Games: Graphics and Sculpture. Rome, Italy: 1981.
National Museum of Man. The Inuit Print. Ottawa: National Museum of Man, 1977-1982.
Opperman, Hal N. "The Inuit Phenomenon in Art - Historical Context." Inuit Art Quarterly 1.2 (Summer 1986): 1-4.
Pratt, Mary. "Art of the Caribou People." Denver Magazine 6.9 (August 1976): 36-40.
Raven Gallery. Lucy Quinnuayuak 1915-1982: A Retrospective Show. Minneapolis: 1983.
Rice, Angele B. & Michael M.; Albers Gallery of Inuit Art. Amarok: The Wolf: Sculpture and Drawings. San Francisco: 2006.
Richards, Jean. "Inuit Print-Makers Retrospective." Edmonton Journal (31 March 1980).
Routledge, Marie. Inuit Art in the 1970's/L'Art Inuit actuel. Kingston, Ontario: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 1979.
Siebers, Tobin. The Body Aesthetic: From Fine Art to Body Modification. Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 2000.
Sikkuart, Nick. Arctic Visions: Inuit Drawings From Northern Canada: 24 July - August 30, 2004. Vancouver: Marion Scott Gallery, 2004.
Toronto-Dominion Bank. The Eskimo Art Collection of the Toronto Dominion Bank. Toronto: Toronto-Dominion Bank, 1972.
Trigger, Bruce G. & Washburn, Wilcomb E., eds. The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas: North America, Volume 1. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Van Raalte, Sharon. "Inuit Women and Their Art." Communiqué (Apr. 1975): 21-23.
West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative. 1992 Cape Dorset Graphics Annual. Toronto: 1992.
West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative. Cape Dorset Graphics. [Annual] Toronto: M.F. Feheley, 1961-1983.
West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative. Dorset 79: The Twentieth Annual Cape Dorset Graphics Collection. Toronto: M.F. Feheley, 1979.
West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative. Eskimo Graphic Art 1964-65/L'Art graphique des Esquimaux. Cape Dorset, Northwest Territories: West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative, 1964-1965.
West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative. Eskimo Graphic Art/Les arts graphiques Esquimaux. Cape Dorset, Northwest Territories: West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative, 1966.
Winnipeg Art Gallery. Looking South. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1978.
Winnipeg Art Gallery. The Zazelenchuk Collection of Eskimo Art. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1978.
Woodget, G.R.S. The Woodget Collection of Eskimo Art and Artifacts. Halifax: Nova Scotia Museum of Fine Art, 1970.

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