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Povungnituk, Quebec, 1923
Kingait, Nunavut, 2001
Biography synopsis
Mary Pudlat (also known as Mary Samuellie/Miary/Samuelu/Sam) was born in Povungnituk, Quebec in 1923 (some sources say 1915, 1920 and 1926). Orphaned at a young age, she moved to Baffin Island in the early 1940s, where she married Samuelie Pudlat in 1943. Pudlat and her family lived a traditional semi-nomadic lifestyle before permanently settling in the Inuit community of Cape Dorset in 1963. In the 1960s, she joined the burgeoning West Baffin Eskimo Cooperative and developed her soapstone sculpting and drawing skills. She also participated in the Cooperative's first etching workshop in 1979. Many of Pudlat's works depict scenes of traditional fishing, birthing and hunting. Although Pudlat had to leave her artistic endeavours temporarily because of family obligations, she returned to drawing and printmaking in Cape Dorset in 1979. Her prints and drawings were assembled into portfolios that were published several times in the "Cape Dorset Graphic Annual Print Catalogue." In 1996, Pudlat created a coloring book for Inuit children titled "Inuit Spring Time," which was used as an educational tool. Pudlat's works have been exhibited in major museums across Canada, the United States and Europe.
Media used
File & Archive locations
Canadian Museum of Civilization Archives, QC
Vancouver Art Gallery, BC - Library
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC

Writings about
"Cape Dorset Annual Print Collection Catalogs: 1964-1966, 1979-1980, 1984-1990." Toronto: Dorset Fine Arts, 1999
Biographies of Inuit Artists, Volumes One and Two. Ottawa: Canadian Arctic Producers, Arctic Co-operatives Limited, 1984
Inoonoot Eskima: Grafik och Skulptur fran Cape Dorset och Povungnituk Konstframjandet. Stockholm, Sweden: 1967
"Mary Pudlat, Cape Dorset." Coastal Peoples Fine Arts Gallery 2010
"Reviews." Globe and Mail (6 Mar. 1999): C09
AboriginArt Galleries. "Mary Pudlat (Samuellie; Sam; Samuelu; Miary)." Inuit.net 1995
Arbor, Ann. A New Day Dawning: Early Cape Dorset Prints. Michigan: University of Michigan, 1989
Arts and Culture of the North (Organization). Arts and Culture of the North, Volumes 17-26. Madison, Wisconsin: Arts and Culture of the North, 1984
Crandall, Richard C. Inuit Art: A History. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2000
Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Die Kunst aus der Arktis. Frankfurt, Germany: (1985-1986)
Eber, Dorothy Harley. When the Whalers Were Up North: Inuit Memories from the Eastern Arctic. McGill Queen's University Press, 1989
Feheley Fine Arts. "Mary Pudlat." Past Exhibitions 2010
George, Jane. "Inuit's Artistic Future Faces Many Challenges." Windsor Star (9 Jan. 1997): X10
Gray, Philip Howard. Directory of Eskimo Artists in Sculpture and Prints. Bozeman, Montana: Philip Howard Gray, 1974
Heller, Jules and Nancy. North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century. New York: Garland, 1995.
Heppenstall, Carol. "Mary Pudlat 1923-2001 (Obituary)." Inuit Art Quarterly 16.3 (Fall 2001): 61
Inuit Gallery of Vancouver. Return of the Birds. Vancouver: Vancouver Art Gallery, 1983
Lagassé, Robert. Northern Exposure: Inuit Images of Travel, May 1 Through June 8, 1986. Burnaby, British Columbia: Burnaby Art Gallery, 1986
Lewin, Michelle. Art By Women: An Investigation of Inuit Sculpture and Graphics. Toronto, Ontario: Feheley Fine Arts, 2002
Lort, Kit. "1989 Cape Dorset Annual Graphics Collection." Inuit Art Quarterly 5.1 (Winter 1990): 28-30
Maracle, Lee & Laronde, Sandra. Artworks My Home As I Remember. Toronto: Dundurn, 2000
Marion Scott Gallery. Women of the North: An Exhibition of Art by Inuit Women of the Canadian Arctic. Vancouver: Marion Scott Gallery, 1992
McMann, Evelyn de Rostaing. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Formerly Art Association of Montreal: Spring Exhibitions, 1880-1970. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988
Muscarelle Museum of Art. Contemporary Inuit Drawings: The Gift Collection of Frederick and Lucy S. Herman. Williamsburg, Virginia: College of William and Mary in Virginia, 1993
Nasby, Judith M. University of Guelph Art Collection: A Catalogue of Paintings, Drawings, Prints and Sculpture. Guelph: University of Guelph, 1980
Paine, Stefani. The World of the Arctic Whales: Belugas, Bowheads, and Narwhals. Sierra Club Books, 1995
Queens Museum. Eskimo Art New York: The Museum, 1974
University of New Brunswick Art Centre. Inuit Art in the UNB Collection. Fredericton, New Brunswick: University of New Brunswick Art Centre, 1987
West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative. Dorset 79: The Twentieth Annual Cape Dorset Graphics Collection. Toronto: M.F. Feheley, 1979
Winrob, Harry. "Northern Exposure: Inuit Images of Travel." Inuit Art Quarterly 1.2 (1986): 12

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