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MOODIE, Geraldine

Toronto, Ontario, 1854
Midnapore, Alberta, 1945
Biography synopsis
Geraldine Moodie (nee Fitzgibbon) was the daughter of Charles Fitzgibbon and Agnes Dunbar Moodie, an illustrator, and granddaughter of Susanna Moodie, who wrote "Roughing it in the Bush" (1852). In 1878 Moodie married her distant cousin John Douglas Moodie, who later took up a commission with the North-West Mounted Police, which meant a series of moves across Western Canada. In 1895 while living in Battleford, Saskatchewan, Geraldine Moodie was the first woman to open a professional photography studio on the prairies. In 1897 she closed her first studio and opened two others, one in Maple Creek, Saskatchewan, and another in nearby Medicine Hat, Alberta. Moodie's work focused on portraits of the local population, both settlers and First Nations. She also photographed the work of the North-West Mounted Police and the wildflowers of the area. In 1904 Moodie followed her husband to Cape Fullerton, on the north shore of the Hudson Bay where she became the first woman to photograph the Inuit. In 1917 Moodie returned to southern Saskatchewan, where she continued with her photography. Moodie died in 1945 while visiting her daughter near Midnapore, Alberta. Collections of her photographs are held by The British Museum, the Glenbow Museum, the Public Archives of Canada, and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Heritage Centre in Regina, among others.
Media used
Artists' illustrated books
File & Archive locations
Royal Canadian Mounted Police Archives, ON
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec - Bibliothèque
Morgan Library and Museum, NY
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON
Esplanade Archives, AB
University of Saskatchewan Archives
Glenbow Archives, AB - Main Catalogue
Northwest Territories Archives
University of Toronto Libraries, ON
Royal Canadian Mounted Police Museum, SK
Trent University Archives, ON

Writings about
The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan Regina: Unversity of Regina, Canadian Plains Research Center, 2005.
"A Feminine Focus on the Last Frontier: Newly Discovered Treasures from the British Museum." Arctic Circle (Spring 1994): 16-21.
Blomgren, Constance. Gazing Forward, Gazing Back: A Hermeneutic Inquiry Regarding Photographs. Calgary: Univerity of Calgary, 2007.
Carr, Angela, ed. Raven Papers: Remembering Natalie Luckyj (1945-2002) Newcastle, ON: Penumbra Press, 2010.
Clemence, Verne. "Frontier Photographer: Geraldine Moodie." Saskatchewan's Own: People who made a Difference. Calgary: Fifth House, 2004.
Close, Susan. Framing Identity: Social Practices of Photography in Canada (1880 - 1920). Winnipeg: Arbeiter Ring Publishing, 2007.
Close, Susan Michelle. Framing Identity: Mattie Gunterman, Geraldine Moodie and the Social Practice of Photography in Canada (1880 - 1920). Ottawa: Carleton University, 1995.
Condon, Richard G. "The History and Development of Arctic Photography." Arctic Anthropology 26.1 (1989): 46-47.
Forster, Merna. 100 Canadian Heroines: Famous and Forgotten Faces. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2004.
Hamelin, Christine. "A Snapshot of Geraldine Moodie." Kingston Whig - Standard Feb. 2005: 5.
Hannavy, John, ed.. Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography. New York: Routledge, 2008.
Hatfield, Philip. Canada in the Frame. London: University College London, 2018.
Hatfield, Philip. Drawing Back the Curtain: Geraldine Moodie and the Canadian Arctic, 1904–1905. MA thesis. London, England: University of London, 2006.
Huneault, Kristina. I'm Not Myself at All: Women, Art, and Subjectivity in Canada. Montreal; Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2018.
Jones, Laura. Rediscovery: Canadian Women Photographers 1841-1941, May 13th-June 27th, 1983. London, Ontario: London Regional Art Gallery, 1983.
Koltun, Lilly ed.. Private Realms of Light: Amateur Photography in Canada 1839-1940. Markham, Ontario: Fitzhenry and Whiteside, 1984.
McCann, Edward. "Geraldine Moodie, Saskatchewan." Canadian Woman Studies / Les Cahiers de la femme 2.2 (1980): 12-14.
Newman, Sherry Elizabeth. By One Attached to...But not of: Historical Photography of the Eastern Arctic by Luta Munday and Geraldine Moodie. Edmonton: University of Alberta, 1998.
Polk, Milbry and Mary Tiegreen. Women of Discovery: A Celebration of Intrepid Women who Explored the World. New York: C. Potter, 2001.
Rosenblum, Naomi. A History of Women Photographers. New York: Abbeville, 2000.
Silversides, Brock V. "Geraldine Moodie, Through a Woman's Eye." Epic 1.1 (March 1991): 27-31.
Ward, Stephen. "Native Artifacts get New Home." Toronto Star 19 Nov. 1994: 14.
White, Donny. Geraldine Moodie: An Inventory on CD-ROM. Regina: University of Regina, Canadian Plains Research Center, 2001.
White, Donny. Geraldine Moodie: An Inventory. Regina: University of Regina, Canadian Plains Research Center, 1999.
White, Donny. In Search of Geraldine Moodie. Regina: University of Regina, Canadian Plains Research Center, 1999.
White, Donny. "In Search of Geraldine Moodie: A Project in Progress." Imaging the Arctic. London: British Musuem Press, 1998: 88-97.
Wojna, Lisa. Great Canadian Women: Nineteen Portraits of Extraordinary Women. Edmonton, Alberta: Folklore Publishing, 2005.

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