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CHENEVERT, Henriette

Marseilles, France, 1902
Ste Foy, Quebec, 1997
Biography synopsis
Henriette Chenevert (nee Barrot) was educated at the Ecole des arts et metiers de Paris as an engineer in industrial design, immigrating to Canada upon her graduation in 1925. She was employed to do drafting by the architectural firm led by Raoul Chenevert, who she married in 1927. Among some of her major projects, she contributed to the restoration of the Notre-Dame-des-Victoires church in 1929, as well as the construction of a women's prison in 1931, later named Gomin House, and also the Post Office of the Basse-Ville in Quebec City from 1938 to 1939. She became one of the first woman architects in Quebec. When her husband fell ill in 1947, she oversaw all building sites until his death in 1951. This experience allowed her to be accepted as a member of the Order of Architecture in Quebec (OAQ) in 1952. She worked with her son who joined the architectural firm in the late 1950s to form the Chenevert and Chenevert firm. In addition to residential projects, one of her later major works was the expansion of the hospital Notre Dame de l'Enfant Jesus, a project involving close collaboration with the client. In 1963 she participated in the establishment of l'Union International des Femmes Architectes (UIFA) which included women from sixty-five countries and is still active today.
Media used
Ordre des architectes du Québec (OAQ), 1952
Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (RAIC), 1953
Union International des Femmes Architectes, 1963
Union International des Femmes Architectes, 1963
File & Archive locations
Université Laval, QC
Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC

Writings about
Adams, Annmarie & Peta Tancred. 'Designing Women': Gender and the Architectural Profession. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000
Plante, Lucien. "Quelques constructions nouvelles." Bâtiment 33, no. 4 (April 1958): 46-47
Rompré, Danielle. "Profil: Henriette B. Chênevert." Continuité 40 (Summer 1988): 10
Tremblay, Katia. Les origines d'une pratique architectural f�minine au Qu�bec: Henriette Barrot Ch�nevert et Pauline Roy Rouillard, deux pionnieres MA Thesis: Universite Laval, 1993. Print

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