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BANNERMAN, Frances Jones

Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1855
England, 1940
Biography synopsis
The daughter of Lieutenant-Governor A.G. Jones, Bannerman studied in Halifax with Forshaw Day before going to Paris where she studied with Auguste Feyen-Perrin and Edouard Krug. She also visited the Impressionist exhibitions and was one of the first North Americans to incorporate aspects of Impressionism into her own paintings. "Le Jardin d'hiver," one of her submissions to the 1883 Salon, is the first Canadian subject ever to be shown in that venue. She also maintained a studio at Pont-Aven, and sold graphic works to illustrated magazines in London. Following her marriage to Hamlet Bannerman (1851-1895), she adopted a more English anecdotal style of painting. After her husband's death at Great Marlow, England, when rheumatoid arthritis curtailed her painting career, she published poetry. She was best known for her paintings of interiors. Bannerman was the first woman to be elected an Associate of the Royal Canadian Academy (1882), following the charter membership of Charlotte Schreiber (1834-1922). She exhibited her work at the Royal Canadian Academy (1881- 83), the Paris Salon (1883 and 1884), the Royal Society of British Artists (1883-86) and (1889-90), the Royal Academy (1885, 1888-91) and the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool (1885, 1888-91).
Media used
Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, 1882 (Associate)
File & Archive locations
University of British Columbia - Fine Arts Library
Nova Scotia Archives & Records Management
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Centre for Newfoundland Studies Archives
Public Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC

Writings about
Frances M. Jones Bannerman Art Gallery of Nova Scotia - Permanent Collection. http://www.ednet.ns.ca/educ/heritage/agnstemp/8941.htm, 2003
Barnard, Elissa. "Impressive Women." Sunday Herald (Halifax) 30 Dec. 2001: B2
Barnard, Elissa. "Two Artists Remembered." Chronicle Herald (Halifax) 21 Oct. 2006: C12, C15
Benezit, Emmanuel. Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs. Paris: Librairie Grund, 1976
Blakely, Phyllis R. Three Nova Scotia Women Artists: Maria Morris Miller, Frances Jones Bannerman, and Annie Louisa Pratt Halifax: Art Gallery of Nova Scotia Archives, ?
Burton, Samantha. "Transplanting Impressionism to Canada." Mapping Impressionist Painting in Transnational Contexts. Edited by Emily C. Burns, Alice M. Rudy Price New York: Routledge, 2021
Centennial Art Gallery. A Selection of Works by Women Artists in Nova Scotia, 1850-1950. Halifax: July 9 - September 2, 1975
Cronin, Ray. Halifax Art and Artists: An Illustrated History Toronto: Art Institute of Canada, 2023
Davies, Blodwen. "Canadian Women of Brush and Chisel." Chatelaine 3 (Jun. 1930): 9, 42
Davies, Gwendolyn. "Art, Fiction and Adventure: The Jones Sisters of Halifax." Journal of the Royal Nova Scotia Historical Society 5 (2002): 1-22
Dignam, Mary E. "Distinguished Professional Women." Women of Canada: Their Life and Work. Toronto: National Council of Women of Canada, 1900
Fulford, Robert. "The Modern Artist Who has Painted for Half a Century." Mayfair (Apr. 1955): 81-82
Harper, J. Russell. Early Painters and Engravers in Canada Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1970
Harper, J. Russell. Painting in Canada: A History. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1966, 2nd edition 1977
Hubbard, R. H. and J. R. Ostiguy. Three Hundred Years of Canadian Art: An Exhibition Arranged in Celebration of the Century of Confederation. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1967
Hughes, Margaret E. "A Guide to Canadian Painters." Ontario Library Review 24.3 (May-Aug. 1940)
Johnson, Jane and A. Greutzer. Dictionary of British Artists, 1880-1940. Woodbridge: Antique Collectors' Club, 1976
Kelly, Gemey. Backgrounds: Ten Nova Scotia Women Artists. Halifax: Dalhousie Art Gallery, 1984
Lowrey, Carol. Visions of Light and Air: Canadian Impressionism, 1885-1920. New York: Americas Society Art Gallery, 1995
McKendry, Blake. A to Z of Canadian Art: Artists and Art Terms. Kingston: B. McKendry, 1997
McMann, Evelyn de Rostaing. Royal Canadian Academy of Arts/Académie royale des arts du Canada: Exhibitions and Members 1880-1979 Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981
Morgan, Henry James. The Canadian Men and Women of the Time: A Handbook of Canadian Biography. Toronto: William Briggs, 1898
O'Neill, Mora Dianne. Choosing Their Own Path: Canadian Women Impressionists. Halifax: Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, 2001
O'Neill, Mora Dianne and Caroline Stone. Two Artists Time Forgot: Frances Jones (Bannerman) and Margaret Campbell Macpherson. Halifax: Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, 2006
O'Neill, Mora, Dianne. "A Path to Learning: Early Nova Scotian Women Artists." Art Gallery of Nova Scotia Journal 39 (Spring/Summer 2012): 26
Petteys, Chris, et al. Dictionary of Women Artists: An International Dictionary of Women Artists Born Before 1900. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1985
Piers, Harry. "Artists in Nova Scotia." Collections (Nova Scotia Historical Society) 18 (1914): 156
Shutlak, Garry D. "The Honourable A.G. Jones and Family Called Roomy Bloomingdale on the Northwest Arm Home." The Griffin, Heritage Trust of Nova Scotia (Dec. 2002): 6-9
Smulders, Marilyn. "Rare Glimpse: For the First Time, Halifax gets to View the Impressionists, and Security will be Heavy." Daily News (Halifax) 2 Oct. 2001: 23
Stacey, Robert. "Eighty: 1887-1967." Eighty/Twenty: 100 Years of the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design. Halifax: Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, 1988
Tippett, Maria. By a Lady. Toronto: Viking, 1992
Waters, Grant M. Dictionary of British Artists Working 1900-1950. Eastbourne: Eastbourne Fine Arts Publications, 1975
Westbridge, Anthony R. The Collector's Dictionary of Canadian Artists at Auction. Vancouver: Westbridge Publications, 2001
Williamson, Moncrieff. Through Canadian Eyes: Trends and Influences in Canadian Art: 1815-1965. Calgary: Glenbow-Alberta Institute, 1976

Writings by
Bannerman, Frances. Milestones: A Collection of Verses. London: Grant Richards, 1899

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