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RHÉAUME, Jeanne

Born
Montreal, Quebec, 1915
Died
Montreal, Quebec, 2000
Biography synopsis
Prolific and accomplished, Jeanne Leblanc Rhéaume worked in a variety of media, including oils, watercolours, acrylic and tapestries. She attended the École des Beaux Arts (1934-36) and the Art Association of Montreal. Following her graduation, she began exhibiting in Montreal at such galleries as the Galérie Parizeau (1945) and the West End Gallery (1949). She also became involved with fellow artist, Alfred Pellan and signed the manifesto "Prisme d'Yeux," a short-lived movement which argued for a wider, more open understanding of what modern art could be. Warmly received by critics, her work won a number of awards including the Third Grand Prize of Quebec (1946), a prize for oils at the Spring Show of the Museum of Fine Arts (1950) and a scholarship for study abroad (1948), with which she traveled in France, Italy, Belgium, and England. Despite her success in Quebec, she settled in Florence in 1952, sending forty to fifty canvasses back to Canada every year for shows in major cities. She began exhibiting her tapestries along with her paintings in 1972 after studying weaving in France, Sardinia, Switzerland and Germany (1969-71). She continued to win awards throughout her career, including being chosen to represent Canada at the International Assembly of Artists, Venice (1952), the Jessie Dow Prize at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (1957, 1958), a Canada Council Painting Study Grant (1959), and several weaving study grants (1969, 1970, 1971). She exhibited extensively in Montreal, and also had solo shows in Quebec, Percé, Mont-Orford, Ste. Adèle, Ottawa, Rome, and Florence. Her work can be found in the collections of the Art Gallery of Vancouver, the Art Gallery of Hamilton, the National Gallery of Canada, the Art Bank, Canada Council, the Department of External Affairs, Ottawa, the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, the Museum of Quebec, and the Maison du Québec, Paris.
Media used
Painting
Tapestry
Watercolour
Education
Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Montreal, 1934 - 1936
Art Association of Montreal (under Lilias Torrance Newton, Harold Beament, Goodridge Roberts)
File & Archive locations
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
London Public Library, ON
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts / Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, QC
Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, QC - Media Centre
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
University of British Columbia - Fine Arts Library
University of Calgary Library, AB
Vancouver Art Gallery, BC - Library
Winnipeg Art Gallery, MA - Clara Lander Library
Leonard and Bina Ellen Art Gallery, QC
BIBLIOGRAPHY

Writings about
La Revue Moderne (May 1957).
"65th Spring Exhibition: Annual Show is Opened at Art Association." Toronto Star 04 Mar. 1948.
"Art Gallery Spring Show Juries Pick 119 Items From 1,400 Entries." Gazette (Montreal) 04 Mar. 1948.
"Art: Canadian Moderns At Fine Arts Museum." Gazette (Montreal) 8 Aug. 1953.
"Art: Paintings From Italy by Jeanne Rheaume." Gazette (Montreal) 1953.
"Aspects de la peinture canadienne au College St-Laurent; 50 tableaux." La Presse (Montreal) 8 Mar. 1953.
"At the Museum: The 'lady of leisure' no longer exists." Gazette (Montreal) 29 May 1988: D5.
"Au Musée: Exposition - Vente." Le Devoir (Montreal) 23 Feb. 1960.
"Décès de la peintre Jeanne Rhéaume." La Presse (Montreal) 15 Aug. 2000.
"Distinctive Work Seen at Exhibit." Standard (Montreal) 14 Feb. 1948.
"Exhibition of Art by Canadian Women." Canadian Art 4.2 (Feb-Mar. 1947): 80.
"Femmes peintres canadiennes." Le Devoir (Montreal) 23 Mar. 1948: 6.
"Fleurs by Jeanne Rheaume." Gazette (Montreal) 7 Apr. 1951.
"Importante manifestation artistique organisée par les étudiants de Montreal." La Patrie (Montreal) 5 Dec. 1950.
"J. Rheaume's Work at Dominion Gallery." Gazette (Montreal) 24 Mar. 1951.
"Jeanne Rheaume Exhibition Handsome and Exhilarating." Montreal Star 16 Feb. 1957.
"Jeanne Rhéaume expose ses tableaux à 'La Boutique'." L'Événement-Journal (Quebec) 17 Oct. 1958.
"Jeanne Rhéaume, à l'ile." La Presse (Montreal) 7 May 1958.
"Jeanne Rheaume." Gazette (Montreal) 12 Mar. 1960.
"Klinkhoff Gallery." Gazette (Montreal) 22 Apr. 1972.
"La carrière de Jeanne Rhéaume, qui expose ses oeuvres au Musée." La Presse (Montreal) 14 Feb. 1957.
"Le Mois de février au Musée des Beaux-Arts." La Presse (Montreal) 26 Jan. 1957.
"Les Arts: Jeanne Rhéaume..." Le Haut-Parleur (Montreal) 24 Mar. 1951.
"Les Arts: La 'Contemporary Art Society'." Le Canada (Montreal) 13 Apr. 1943.
"Nature Morte aux Livres." La Patrie (Montreal) 31 Jan. 1953.
"Oeuvres primées au Salon printanier des Beaux-Arts." La Presse (Montreal) 28 Apr. 1958.
"Oils, Watercolors by Jeanne Rhéaume." Gazette (Montreal) 16 Feb. 1957.
"Peintures de Jeanne Rhéaume exposées à l'Ile Sainte-Hélène." La Presse (Montreal) 18 Apr. 1958.
"Rheaume Exhibit April 17." Gazette (Montreal) 15 Apr. 1958.
"Rheaume." Gazette (Montreal) 14 Dec. 1963.
"Rhéaume: Des paysages et un art tranquille." La Presse (Montreal) 16 Nov. 1963.
"Salon de peinture aux Troix-Rivières." Le Devoir (Montreal) 29 Mar. 1948.
"Spring Exhibition Marked by Variety." Gazette (Montreal) 10 Mar. 1939.
"Stunning Tapestries." Ottawa Journal 20 Nov. 1975.
"The Contemporary Art Society." Daily Star (Montreal) 14 Nov. 1965: 20.
"Tuscany Paintings Show Strong Feeling." Chronicle-Telegraph (Quebec) 17 Dec. 1955.
"Variety in Offerings Marks CAS Exhibition." Gazette (Montreal) 07 Feb. 1948.
"Variety In Subjects at CAS Annual Show." Unknown (Montreal) 16 Nov. 1946.
"Vivacité et éclat des aquarelles de Jeanne Rhéaume." La Presse (Montreal) 21 Feb. 1957.
"Women's Works on Exhibit." Standard (Montreal) 2 Apr. 1949.
"[Review of show at Regency Row]." Montreal Star 12 Mar. 1960.
Allegre, Christian. "Beaux-Arts." Le Devoir (Montreal) 15 Apr. 1972.
Ayre, Robert. "Art Notes - The 67th Show: Varied Array is Presented." Montreal Daily Star 18 Mar. 1950.
Ayre, Robert. "Art Notes." Montreal Star 29 Mar. 1958.
Ayre, Robert. "Art Notes: Federation Organizing Invitation Show." Montreal Daily Star 31 Mar. 1951: 10.
Ayre, Robert. "Art Notes: Importance of Color Stressed in Dominion Gallery Exhibit." Montreal Star 24 Mar. 1951.
Baele, Nancy. "Japanese Winter - With Canadian Look." Gazette (Montreal) 10 Nov. 1988: C18.
Baele, Nancy. "Landscapes Reflect a Life-long Love Affair with France." Ottawa Citizen 15 May 1994: C8.
Ballantyne, Michael. "La Femme Imagiste: The Women Painters of Quebec." Montreal Star Feb. 1965.
Benezit, Emmanuel. Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs. Paris: Librairie Grund, 1976.
Bertrand, Magdeleine. Les Femmes artistes du Québec de 1875 à 1925. Montreal: Université de Montréal, 1990.
Boulanger, Rolland. "L'époque du coeur." unknown title 1949.
Chevalier, W. "Jeanne Rheaume and Severity." Vie des Arts 20.78 (Spr. 1975): 26, 27.
Concordia Art Gallery. Montreal Women Artists of the 1950's/Les femmes artistes de Montréal des années 50. Montreal: Concordia Art Gallery, 1988.
de Repentigny. "L'art canadien sera bien representé à Jerusalem." La Presse (Montreal) 27 Feb. 1953.
Delisle, Jacques. "À la Dominion Gallery of Fine Arts." Le Devoir (Montreal) 21 Nov. 1944: 3.
Desjardins, Marie-Paule. Dictionnaire biographique des femmes célèbres et rémarquables de notre histoire. Montréal: Guérin, 2007.
Dominion Gallery. Exhibition of Paintings by J. Réaume. 1951.
Dominion Gallery of Fine Art. Maurice Gagnon Présente les Sagittaires: Exposition de peintures, dessins et sculptures. Montreal: Dominion Gallery, 1943.
Doyon, Charles. "C.A.S. 1944." Le Jour (Montreal) 18 Nov. 1944.
Doyon, Charles. "La peinture feminine." Le Clairon (Sainte-Hyacinthe) ?.
Doyon, Charles. "Les Arts: Jeanne Rhéaume à la Dominion Gallery." Le Haut-Parleur (Montreal) 7 Apr. 1951.
Dumas, Paul. "Les grandes aquarelles de Jeanne Rhéaume à la Galérie d'Art Français." L'Information Medicale et Paramedicale 5 Dec. 1972: 22.
Duncan, Ann. "Galerie Dominion has Reason to Celebrate: For 50 years, art institution has been solid supporter of home-grown talent." Gazette (Montreal) 22 Aug. 1992: J5.
Duncan, Ann. "Les Femmeuses, Charity Art Sale Thrives Because of Wise Selection." Gazette (Montreal) 19 Apr. 1991: K6.
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Duncan, Ann. "Women's Art Show is Growing in Reputation." Gazette (Montreal) 16 Apr. 1994: I1.
Duquette, Jean-Pierre. "The Mediterranean of Jeanne Rheaume." Vie des Arts 29.118 (Mar. 1985): 52-3.
Gagnon, François. "Beauté des visages et des visions de chaos." La Presse (Montreal) 16 Nov. 1946.
Gauthier, Natasha. "Lescop's 80 Action-Packed Years Strike a Chord." Gazette (Montreal) 11 Feb. 1996: F1.
Gauvreau, Claude. "Révolution à la société d'art contemporain." Le Quartier Latin (Québec) 5 Dec. 1946: 5.
Gougeon, Helen. "Patriotism Was Not Enough." Toronto Telegram 14 Apr. 1959.
Hamel, Charles. "Les Arts: Grande variété de l'exposition de la S.A.C." Le Canada (Montreal) 21 Nov. 1946.
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Huot, Maurice. "Rhéaume, Steiger, Quaglia à la galérie de l'Art Français." La Patrie (Montreal) 30 Mar. 1957.
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MacDonald, C. G. "Harmonizing of Colors a Strong Point In Art Exhibited by Jeanne Rheaume." Montreal Herald 24 Mar. 1951.
MacDonald, C.G. "Gallery Notes." Herald (Montreal) 31 Jan. 1953.
MacDonald, Colin S. The Dictionary of Canadian Artists. (Volumes 1-8 by Colin S. MacDonald, and volume 9 by Anne Newlands and Judith Parker) Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2009
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Musée du Québec. 500 Oeuvres Choisies. Quebec: Musée du Québec, 1983.
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National Gallery of Canada. Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture: Canadian School. Ottawa: Trustees of the National Gallery of Canada, 1957.
National Gallery of Canada and Vancouver Art Gallery. Recent Quebec Painting. Vancouver: National Gallery of Canada and Vancouver Art Gallery, 1952.
Normand, Renée. "Les Arts: A la West End Art Gallery se tient présentement une exposition de femmes peintres canadiens." Le Canada (Montreal) 19 Apr. 1949.
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Palette. "In the Realm of Art: Exhibit An 'Appeal To Feeling'." Province (Vancouver) 19 Oct. 1951?.
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Robert, Guy. La Peinture au Québec. Sainte-Adèle: Iconia, 1978.
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Sabbath, Lawrence. "Picture Look Bright for Local Art Scene." Gazette (Montreal) 6 Jun. 1987: H6.
Sangster, Dorothy. "Saggitarians' Exhibition Has Variety." Standard (Montreal) 1 May 1943.
Sarrazin, Jean. "Exposition Jeanne Rhéaume." La Presse (Montreal) 3 Mar. 1960.
Saucier, Pierre. "À Florence le peintre canadien à trouvé la ville de ses rêves." La Patrie (Montreal) 9 Aug. 1959.
Seleanu, Andre. "Université de Montreal: Des oeuvres significatives de l'art du Québec moderne et contemporain." Vie des Arts 197 (Hiver 2004-2005): 42-3.
St. Philip, Elizabeth. "Honouring a new history." The Link (Montreal) 26 Jan. 1988: 6.
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Vancouver Art Gallery. Do You Own a Contemporary Painting? Annual Exhibition Organized by the Women's Auxiliary to the Vancouver Art Gallery. Vancouver: 1960.
Verdurin, Paul. "En visitant l'exposition du Salon du Printemps." La Presse (Montreal) 18 Mar. 1950.
Viau, Guy. Modern Painting in French Canada. Quebec: Cultural Affairs, 1967.
Walker, Kathleen. "Jeanne Rheaume Painter Holds Solo Art Show." Ottawa Citizen Ottaw: 6 Nov. 1975.
Wallack Galleries. Jeanne Rheaume. Ottawa: Wallack Galleries, 1982.

Full text pdfs of exhibition reviews
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 15, 1940) "Art Association Opens 57th Spring Exhibit. Notable Feature of Display Is Unusually Large Proportion Of Portraits or Portrait Studies."  Montreal Star  March 21, 1940.  p.19.   Full-text pdf

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