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HEWARD, Prudence

Born
Montreal, Quebec, 1896
Died
Los Angeles, United States, 1947
Biography synopsis
The sixth of eight children in a prosperous Montreal family, Efa Prudence Heward studied at the Art Association of Montreal with William Brymner, and for two summers with Maurice Cullen, sketching at Phillipsburg and Carillon. She exhibited her first work at the Art Association of Montreal Spring Exhibition in 1914. During the First World War, she and her mother worked with the Red Cross in London, England and following the war she continued her studies in Montreal with Randolph Hewton. She went to Paris to study at the Colarossi and in 1920 she returned to Montreal and joined the Beaver Hall Hill artists. She specialized in portrait and figure paintings. She won first prize for "Girl on a Hill" at the Willingdon Arts Competition in 1929. In 1932 she had an exhibition at the galleries of W.W. Scott and Sons in Montreal, and again in 1934 with Sarah Robertson and Isabel McLaughlin. She was a member of the Canadian Group of Painters (1933; co-founder) and the Contemporary Arts Society (1939; founding member). A memorial exhibition was held at the National Gallery of Canada in 1948 and toured Canada.
Media used
Painting
Education
Art Association of Montreal (under William Brymner)
Private study (under Maurice Cullen)
Private study (under Maurice Cullen; Randolph Hewton)
Académie Colarossi, Paris
Memberships
Beaver Hall Group, 1920
Canadian Group of Painters, 1933
Contemporary Arts Society, 1939
File & Archive locations
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
Edmonton Art Gallery, AB - Library
London Public Library, ON
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts / Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, QC
Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, QC - Media Centre
Museum of Modern Art, NY
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
University of British Columbia - Fine Arts Library
Vancouver Art Gallery, BC - Library
Winnipeg Art Gallery, MA - Clara Lander Library
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
BIBLIOGRAPHY

Writings about
" ... Group Shows at Art Association." Gazette (Montreal) 5 Jan. 1946.
"40 Local Painters Show in Exhibition." Gazette (Montreal) 4 Nov. 1936.
"59 Paintings Auctioned for Refugees' Benefit Bring Total of $2459." Ottawa Citizen 4 Oct. 1940.
"Art Exhibit Discussed: Private Showing Given Members of Windsor Association." Windsor Star 1 Dec. 1942.
"Art Student's Work Exhibited." Herald (Montreal) 9 Apr. 1912.
"C.A.C. Holding Exhibit At Dominion Gallery." Gazette (Montreal) 11 Nov. 1944.
"Canadian Group Show at Art Association: Varied Offerings Occupy Two Main Galleries." Gazette (Montreal) 8 Jan. 1944.
"Canadian Paintings Shown in New York." Gazette (Montreal) 2 Jun. 1945.
"Canadian School is Well Represented at the Art Exhibition." Herald (Montreal) 25 Mar. 1922.
"Coast to Coast in Art." Canadian Art 6.4 (1947): 178.
"Contemporary Arts Society." Canadian Art 2.2 (Dec. 1944).
"Exhibits At Spring Show Now Open Number Nearly 500." Montreal Herald and Daily Telegraph 26 Mar. 1915.
"Exposition des arts." La Patrie (Montreal) 26 Mar. 1915.
"Fine Arts ... Paintings Are Shown By Canadian Group." Gazette (Montreal) 6 Feb. 1943.
"Governor-General Arts Competition Results Announced." Montreal Star 4 May 1929.
"Heward, Barbara Hamilton." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 11 Jul. 2003.
"Meritorious Work At Spring Exhibit: Mural Paintings in R.C.A. Competition Part of Entries at Art Gallery." Gazette (Montreal) 28 Mar. 1924.
"Modernistic in Tone." Bridle & Golfer (Oct. 1932).
"Montreal Artist Dies in California." Globe and Mail 21 Mar. 1947.
"Montreal Artists Well Represented: High Standard Set at Spring Exhibition of Art Association." Gazette (Montreal) 16 Mar. 1923: 6.
"Montreal Painters Opening Show Here: Exhibit by Members of the Contemporary Arts Society In Morgan's Gallery." Gazette (Montreal) 29 Nov. 1941: 21.
"Nostalgic Homecoming." Gazette (Montreal) 31 Oct. 1964.
"Oil Paintings Now on Display Here." Times-Globe (Saint John) 2 Nov. 1943: G1.
"Paintings on View are Doubly Local." Gazette (Montreal) 7 Dec. 1932.
"Picture Sale Aiding Orphans in Spain." Gazette (Montreal) 5 Mar. 1938.
"Prominent Painters Contribute to Show." Gazette (Montreal) 10 Dec. 1938.
"Prudence Heward Pictures Noted - Young Montreal Artists Shows at Ottawa Pictures of Vigor and Character." Leader (Regina) 4 Feb. 1930.
"Prudence Heward Shows Paintings." Gazette (Montreal) 27 Apr. 1932.
"Prudence Heward's Exceptional Talent." Standard (St. Catherine) 16 Jun. 1932.
"Quelques héros de Louis Hémon en sculpture." La Presse (Montreal) 24 Mar. 1922.
"Refreshing Art Exhibition On View at Gallery." Ottawa Evening Journal 19 Dec. 1942.
"Spring Art Show has 478 Exhibits." Gazette (Montreal) 26 Mar. 1915.
"The Contemporary Art Society." Daily Star (Montreal) 14 Nov. 1965: 20.
"Women's Works on Exhibit." Standard (Montreal) 2 Apr. 1949.
Aitken, Kate. "Montreal Women's Art Chosen for NY Exhibit." Standard (Montreal) 29 Mar. 1947: 12.
Art Gallery of Windsor. Prudence Heward and Friends: Art Gallery of Windsor July 15 through August 26th, 1979. Windsor: 1979.
Asselin, Hedwidge, ed. Indédits de John Lyman. Montreal: Ministère des Affaires culturelles, Biblio. nationale Québec, 1980.
Aylen, Marielle Barbara Desiree. Interfaces of the Portrait: Liminality and Dialogism in Canadian Women's Portraiture Between the Wars. Ottawa: Carleton University, 1996.
Ayre, Robert. "Art News and Reviews: Evolution In Canadian Art Principal Message of Exhibition, 56th In Art Association's History." Standard (Montreal) 25 Mar. 1939: D14.
Ayre, Robert. "Art Scene in Canada: Montreal." Canadian Art 22.1 (Jan-Feb. 1965): 65.
Ayre, Robert. "Art: Two Exhibitions." Montrealer (Feb. 1937).
Ayre, Robert. "Arts Club Exhibition by Eleven Painters." Gazette (Montreal) 3 Feb. 1937.
Ayre, Robert. "Canadian Group of Painters." The Canadian Forum (Toronto) 14.159 (Dec. 1933): 98-100.
Ayre, Robert. "Choose your own jury! This year's spring show in Montreal." Canadian Art 2.4 (Apr - May 1945): 155-157.
Ayre, Robert. "Significant Exhibition at Toronto by Diligent Canadian Group of Painters 'Bristling With Signs of the Times'." Standard (Toronto) 18 Nov. 1939: M6.
Ayre, Robert. "The Canadian Group of Painters." Canadian Art 6.3 (Spring 1949): 98-102.
Ballantyne, Michael. "La Femme Imagiste: The Women Painters of Quebec." Montreal Star Feb. 1965.
Bell, H. Poynter. "What about Canadian Art?" The Passing Show (Montreal) 5.1 (Oct. 1930): 9-10.
Bertrand, Magdeleine. Les Femmes artistes du Québec de 1875 à 1925. Montreal: Université de Montréal, 1990.
Braide, Janet and Nancy Parke-Taylor. Prudence Heward (1896-1947): An Introduction to her Life and Work. Montreal: Walter Klinkhoff Gallery, 1980.
Buchanan, D.W. The Growth of Canadian Painting. Toronto: Collins, 1950: 54-56.
Campbell, James D. "Chapter two: A Brief Sketch of the Life and Work of Prudence Heward." Figures and Grounds: The Work of Ross Heward/ Fonds et Figures: L'oeuvre de Ross Heward. Montreal: Galerie McClure, 2005.
Canadian Group of Painters. Canadian Group of Painters, Exhibition 1942. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1942.
Canadian Group of Painters. Canadian Group of Painters, Exhibition 1960. Montreal: 1960.
Carr, Angela, ed. Raven Papers: Remembering Natalie Luckyj (1945-2002) Newcastle, ON: Penumbra Press, 2010.
Contemporary Arts Society. Contemporary Arts Society: Drawings, Prints, Sculpture, December 1st to 31st, 1941. 1941.
Dagg, Anne Innis. "What Happens to Women's Art?" Globe and Mail (Toronto) 4 Aug. 1984.
Daniel, Pierre. "Pochades de Clarence Gagnon au Arts Club." La Presse (Montreal) 6 Feb. 1943.
Davies, Blodwen. "Canadian Women of Brush and Chisel." Chatelaine 3 (Jun. 1930): 9, 42.
Delisle, Jacques. "À la Dominion Gallery of Fine Arts." Le Devoir (Montreal) 21 Nov. 1944: 3.
Demers, René. "Beaux Arts: Les théories mécaniques appliqués à l'art." La Patrie (Montreal) 17 Jan. 1934.
Doyon, Charles. "C.A.S. 1944." Le Jour (Montreal) 18 Nov. 1944.
Doyon, Charles. "La peinture feminine." Le Clairon (Sainte-Hyacinthe) ?.
Doyon, Charles. "Les Arts: les dessins de CAS." Le Jour (Montreal) 10 Jan. 1942: 7.
Duval, Paul. Canadian Impressionism. Toronto: Clarke, Irwin and Co, 1972.
Duval, Paul. "Art and Artists: Prudence Heward Show." Toronto Saturday Night (24 Apr. 1948).
Emeny, Shirley Kathleen. Plurality and Agency : Portraits of Women by Prudence Heward Edmonton: University of Alberta, 1999.
Farr, Dorothy and Luckyj, Natalie. From Women's Eyes: Women Painters in Canada. Kingston: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 1975.
Ferrari, Pepita & Buffie, Erna. By Woman's Hand. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 1994.
Fleisher, Pat. "Love or Art." Art Magazine 5.15 (Fall 1973): 19-20.
Fortin, Nathalie. Chapitre II: Les femmes de la Société d'Art Contemporain" "La place des femmes dans la Société d'Art Contemporain: Montréal, 1939-1948" UQàM: 2007
http://www.archipel.uqam.ca/3348/1/M9678.pdf.
Girard, Henri. "Le Salon du Printemps." Le Canada (Montreal) 15 Mar. 1939: 2.
Grafftey, Heward. "Chapter four: Prudence Heward." Portraits from a Life Montreal: Véhicule Press, 1996: 67-78.
Greenberg, Reesa. "Further Comments on N. Luckyj's Publication." Journal of Canadian Art History 9.2 (1986): 207-208.
Grier, E. Wyly. "The Forty-Ninth Exhibition of the Royal Canadian Academy." Journal of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada 5.1 (Jan. 1928): 19-24.
Gwyn, Sandra. Women in the Arts in Canada. Ottawa: Royal Commission on the Status of Women, 1971.
Holgate, Edwin. "Prudence Heward." Canadian Art 2.4 (Summer 1947): 161.
Housser, Yvonne McKague. "Canadian Group of Painters - 1944." Canadian Art 1.4 (Apr-May 1944): 142-147.
Hubbard, R. H. National Gallery of Canada, Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture, Volume 3. Ottawa: Published for the Trustees by University of Toronto Press, 1960.
Huot, Maurice. "Peintres féminins." La Patrie (Montreal) 6 Apr. 1949: 16.
Jackson, A.Y. A Painter's Country. Toronto: Clarke Irwin, 1972.
Jackson, A.Y. "A Montreal Painter, Paintings by Prudence Heward Placed on Exhibition in Montreal." Star (Montreal) 24 Apr. 1932.
Kruschen, Franziska. "Mabel Killam Day." Atlantis 20.1 (1995): 139.
Laberge, Albert. "Nouvelle visite au salon de l'academie royale canadienne." La Presse (Montreal) 6 Dec. 1929.
Lehmann, Henry. "Special to the Gazette." Gazette (Montreal) 30 Jan. 2005.
Lerner, Loren. "From Victorian Girl Reader to Modern Women Artist: Reading and Seeing in the paintings of the Canadian Girl by William Brymner, Emily Coonan, and Prudence Heward." Canadian Children's Literature 33.2 (2007): 19-50.
Lismer, Arthur. "Works by Three Canadian Women." Montreal Star 9 May 1934.
Luckyj, Natalie. Expressions of Will: The Art of Prudence Heward. Kingston: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 1986.
Luckyj, Natalie. Visions and Victories: 10 Canadian Women Artists 1914-1945. London: London Regional Art Gallery, 1983.
Lyman, John. "Art." Montrealer 1 Feb. 1940.
Lyman, John. "Canadian Art Show in U.S. Is Best Yet Sent Abroad." Standard (Montreal) 24 Oct. 1942.
MacDonald, Colin S. The Dictionary of Canadian Artists. (Volumes 1-8 by Colin S. MacDonald, and volume 9 by Anne Newlands and Judith Parker) Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2009
http://www.rcip-chin.gc.ca/application/aac-aic/description-about.app?lang=en.
MacTavish, Newton. Ars Longa. Toronto: The Ontario Publishing Co., 1925.
McCullough, Norah. The Beaver Hall Group. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1966.
McInnes, G. Campbell. "World of Art." Toronto Saturday Night (17 Apr. 1937).
McInnes, G. Campbell. “World of Art.” Saturday Night (18 Jan. 1936): 4.
Meadowcroft, Barbara. Painting Friends: The Beaver Hall Women Painters. Montreal: Vehicule Press, 1999.
Millar, Joyce. "The Beaver Hall Group: Painting in Montreal 1920-1940." Woman's Art Journal 13.1 (Spring-Summer 1992): 3-9.
Morgan, Henry & Co. Exposition d'Art Soviétique. Montreal: Unknown, 1935.
Musée d'Art Moderne Paris. Exposition Internationale d'Art Moderne. Paris: Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'éducation, la culture, 1946.
Museu nacional de belas artes. Pintura Canadense Contemporarnea. Rio De Janeiro: Museu nacional de belas artes, 1944.
National Gallery of Canada. Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture: Canadian School. Ottawa: Trustees of the National Gallery of Canada, 1957.
National Gallery of Canada. Exhibition of Contemporary Canadian Painting. New York: Carnegie Corporation, 1936.
National Gallery of Canada. Memorial Exhibition: Prudence Heward 1896-1947. Ottawa: 1948.
National Gallery of Canada. Sarah Robertson, 1891-1948: Memorial Exhibition. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1951.
Nelson, Charmaine. Through An-Other's Eyes: White Canadian Artists - Black Female Subjects. Oshawa: The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, 1998.
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Ontario Provincial Library Service. Ontario Library Review. Toronto: Provincial Library Service, 1940.
Pearce, Lynne. "The Viewer as Producer: British and Canadian Feminists Reading Prudence Heward's 'Women.'" RACAR 25.1-2 (1998): 94-103.
Reference Division, McPherson Library, compilers. Creative Canada: A Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Creative and Performing Arts. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, University of Victoria, 1971.
Reynald. "Le 50e salon du printemps." La Presse (Montreal) 17 Mar. 1933.
Reynald. "Nos aspirants au modernisme résolu: La Société d'Art Contemporain expose aux nouvelles galeries Frank Stevens." La Presse (Montreal) 23 Dec. 1939: 43.
Robson, Albert Henry. Canadian Landscape Painters. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1932.
Saltmarche, Kenneth. "New Gallery Painting." Star (Windsor) 21 Jul. 1962.
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Skelly, Julia. Prudence Heward: Life & Work Toronto: Art Canada Institute, 2015
http://www.aci-iac.ca/prudence-heward.
St. Jean, France. La Réception critique dans la presse montréalaise francophone des décennies 1930 et 1940 de l'oeuvre de cinq femmes artistes: Prudence Heward, Lilias Torrance Newton, Anne Savage, Marian Scott et ... Montreal: Université du Québec à Montréal, 1999.
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Wylie, Liz. "Expressions of Will: The Art of Prudence Heward by Natalie Luckyj." Journal of Canadian Art History 9.2 (1986): 205-207.

Full text pdfs of exhibition reviews
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 27, 1914) "Variety in Spring Picture Exhibit. Private View Opened 31st Spring Show at Art Gallery Last Night. Works Number Over 400. Sanity, Sincerity and Progress Characterize Majority of Pictures-Various Branches Well Represented."  Gazette (Montreal)  March 27, 1914.  p.11.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 26, 1915) "Spring Art Show Has 478 Exhibits. Even Excellence Dominant Note at Art Association Which Opened Last Night. Nothing Very Daring."  Gazette (Montreal)  March 26, 1915.  p.5.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 25, 1920) "Artist's Efforts Reach High Level."  Gazette (Montreal)  March 26, 1920.  p.6.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 21, 1922) "Exhibits Drawn From Wide Area. Growing Importance of Spring Art Exhibition More Generally Recognized."  Gazette (Montreal)  March 21, 1922.  p.5.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 21, 1922) "Quelques heros de Louis Hemon en sculpture. Maria Chapdelaine, son père et sa mère figurent au Salon des Artistes. Oeuvres de Suzor Cote."  La Presse (Montreal)  March 24, 1922.  p.12.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 21, 1922) "Canadian School is Well Represented at the Art Exhibition."  Montreal Herald  March 25, 1922.  p.10.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 16, 1923) "Montreal Artists Well Represented. High Standard Set at Spring Exhibition of Art Association."  Gazette (Montreal)  March 16, 1923.  p.6.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 27, 1924) "Meritorious Work at Spring Exhibit. Mural Paintings in R.C.A. Competition Part of Entries at Art Gallery."  Gazette (Montreal)  March 28, 1924.  p.15.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 24, 1927) "R.C.A. Exhibition Nearing Jubilee. Much Meritorious Work Shown, but Younger Painters Tend to Shallowness and Emptiness."  Gazette (Montreal)  November 25, 1927.  p.7.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 24, 1927) Albert Laberge.  "Appréciation de quelques toiles du Salon des artistes Canadiens."  La Presse (Montreal)  December 03, 1927.  p.52.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 24, 1927) "The Royal Academy of Arts at Montreal. Stylists and Conventionalists Draw Contradictory Opinions."  Canadian Homes and Gardens  January 1928.  5:1: pp.64,66.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, November 29, 1928) Jeanne Adeney.  "Art Notes."  Canadian Bookman  January 1929.  p.25.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 1929) Constance C. Mackay.  "Studies of French Gothic. Van Veen Collection and O.S.A. Show at Toronto Art Gallery."  Toronto Saturday Night  March 23, 1929.  p.3.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 21, 1929) Albert Laberge.  "Nouvelle visite au Salon de l'Académie Royle Canadienne. Remarquables scènes de la mer par Rita Mount, magistral portrait de femme par Wayman Adams, et scenes des champs par James Graham."  La Presse (Montreal)  December 06, 1929.  p.17.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 21, 1929) "Le salon d'automne."  Revue Populaire  January 1930.  23.1: PP.7-10.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 21, 1929) H. Poynter Bell.  "The Fifty-First Exhibition of the Royal Canadian Academy."  Royal Architectural Institute of Canada  January 1930.  pp.29-33.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 21, 1929) A. V. Thomson.  "The Academy Show."  Canadian Forum  January 1930.  pp.128-130.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 16, 1933) Reynald.  "Le 50e salon du printemps. L'exposition la plus nombreuse et la plus diverse jamais réunie. Lentes orientations vers le colorisme. La part des femmes. Les Canadiens-français."  La Presse  March 17, 1933.  p.8.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (, 1936) Fred H. Brigden.  "The Fifty-Seventh Annual Exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts."  Royal Architectural Institute of Canada  December 1936.  13.12: pp.216-223.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, 1939) Henri Girard..  "La vie artistique. Le salon du printemps."  Le Canada (Montreal)  March 15, 1939.  p.2.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, 1939) Robert Ayre.  "Evolution In Canadian Art Principle Message of Exhibition. 56th In Art Association's History."  Standard (Montreal)  March 18, 1939.  p.20.   Full-text pdf

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