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WYLE, Florence

Born
Trenton, Illinois, 1881
Died
Newmarket, Ontario, 1968
Biography synopsis
The first female sculptor to be admitted as a full member of the Royal Canadian Academy (in 1938, though she had been an Associate since 1920), Florence Wyle did not originally plan to become an artist. She began pre-medical studies at the University of Illinois from 1900-03, but then abruptly transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, where she also taught modeling (1906-09) and received her first major commission (1907). It was there that she met fellow sculptor Frances Loring who was to become her lifelong companion. After completing her studies, she moved to New York for a short time, before settling in Toronto in 1913 to be with Loring. Both women (nicknamed "The Girls") were extremely active in the artistic community, joining a number of associations, hosting events at their studio, and encouraging young women sculptors. Wyle joined the Ontario Society of Artists in 1920, only to withdraw in 1933 when the sculptors opted to form their own group, the Sculptors' Society of Canada; she was later reinstated (1948). Throughout her artistic career, Wyle produced both large memorials and smaller, intimate sculptures; although she never ventured into the abstract, her work is decidedly modern in conception and style. Among other honours, Wyle won a Coronation Medal in 1953.
Media used
Sculpture
Education
Art Institute of Chicago, 1903 - ?
Memberships
Ontario Society of Artists, 1920; withdrew 1933, reinstated 1948
Sculptors' Society of Canada, 1933
Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, 1920; became a full member in 1938
Canadian Guild of Potters
File & Archive locations
Hamilton Public Library, ON - Local History and Archives Department
Alberta Culture and Community Spirit - Arts Branch
Frick Art Reference Library, NY
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
London Public Library, ON
Concordia University Archives, QC
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Tom Thomson Memorial Art Gallery, ON
Toronto Reference Library, ON
University of British Columbia - Fine Arts Library
University of Calgary Library, AB
Vancouver Art Gallery, BC - Library
Winnipeg Art Gallery, MA - Clara Lander Library
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
Leonard and Bina Ellen Art Gallery, QC
BIBLIOGRAPHY

Writings about
Who's Who in Art: Being a Series of Alphabetically Arranged Biographies of Leading Men and Women in the World of Art Today. London: Art Trade Press, 1934.
"Art and Exhibitions: Curator seeks works for exhibition." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 26 Oct. 1985.
"Daring Canadian Girl in an Indian Village: Miss Florence Wyle of Toronto models totem poles for Government." Toronto Star 10 Sept. 1927.
"Florence Wyle." Contemporary Canadian Artists. Thomson Gale, 1997.
"Florence Wyle: Human anatomy classes turned her from medicine to sculpture." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 15 Jan. 1968.
"Fund for Sculptors Who Helped Others." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 28 Sept. 1963.
"Memorial Fountain, Kew Gardens, Toronto." Construction 13.8 (Aug. 1920): 246-9.
"Pioneer Canadian Sculptor Was Also a Published Poet." Toronto Star 13 Jun. 1978.
"Sculpture: Florence Wyle, Frances Loring." Canadian Collector (Apr. 1966).
"Sculptures by Florence Wyle and Frances Loring at U of G." Daily Mercury (Guelph) Guelph: 14 Aug. 1978.
"Sculptures on Display." Windsor Daily Star 15 Nov. 1952.
"To Give Demonstration on Sculpture in City." Evening Free Press (London) 14 Apr. 1943.
"Valedictory in Studio-Church." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 2 Feb. 1968.
Abel, Ann. "The Clay Ladies." Pouch Cove 4.5 (Jun. 1999): 1-2.
Adilman, Sid. "It Was the Salon of Canada's Art World But Time Seems to Have Passed It By." Telegram (Toronto) 1 Feb. 1969.
American Federation of Arts. Who's Who in American Art, 1962. New York: R.R. Bowker, 1962.
Andrews, Bernadette. "Classic Bronze, Weird Drawings, Mammoth Fields." Telegram (Toronto) 4 Jun. 1969.
Art Gallery of Toronto. Catalogue of an Exhibition of the Canadian War Memorials. Toronto: 1926.
Art Gallery of Toronto. Jacobine Jones, Frances Loring, Dora Wechsler, Florence Wyle: March, 1942. Toronto: Art Gallery of Toronto, 1942.
Bedard, Michael and Les Tait. The Clay Ladies. Toronto: Tundra Books, 1999.
Black, Debra. "Beautiful 'Girl ' A Simpler Time, Cast in Bronze; Florence Wyle famous sculptor Lived near today's site of her statue." Toronto Star 18 Mar. 2005: F3.
Bobak, Molly Lamb. Wild Flowers of Canada: Impressions and Sketches of a Field Artist. Toronto: Pagurian Press, 1978, 44.
Boyanoski, Christine. Loring and Wyle: Sculptors' Legacy. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1987.
Bradfield, Helen Pepall. Art Gallery of Ontario: The Canadian Collection. Toronto: McGraw-Hill, 1970.
Brimmell, Helen. "At the Galleries." Daily Mercury (Guelph) 22 Jun. 1987.
Butlin, Susan. "Women Making Shells: Marking Women's Presence in Munitions Work 1914-1918: The Art of Frances Loring, Florency Wyle, Mabel May and Dorothy Stevens." Canadian Military History. 5.1 (1996): 41-8.
C. L. "Sculptures Form Fine Exhibition." Evening Free Press (London) 13 Jan. 1953.
Calvert Distilleries Ltd. and Dominion Drama Festival. The Calvert Drama Festival Trophies, designed for the Dominion Drama Festival. Ottawa: Sampson-Matthews Limited, 1953.
Chapman, Christopher. Loring and Wyle [motion picture]. Toronto: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 1965.
Cherry, Zena. "The Girls is a Biography..." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 24 Apr. 1973.
Colombo, John Robert. Colombo's Canadian References. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1976.
Coutu, Joan Michele. Design and Patronage: The Architecture of the Niagara Parks, 1935-1941. Kingston: Queen's University, 1989.
Crawford, Lenore. "50 Years of Sculpture: Loring and Wyle." Canadian Art 20.2 (1963).
Crawford, Lenore. "Dr. Comfort Opens 2-Sculptor Show." London Evening Press 10 Nov. 1962.
Crawford, Lenore. "Exhibit is Tribute to Two Women Sculptors." London Evening Press 10 Nov. 1962.
Davies, Blodwen. "Canadian Women of Brush and Chisel." Chatelaine 3 (Jun. 1930): 9, 42.
Dunington-Grubb, L. A. "Sculpture as a garden decoration." Canadian Homes and Garden (Mar. 1927): 17-9, 48, 52.
Gilpin, William. "The Idolater: At home with the sculptor of Hercules, Cerberus and Pan at the Canadian National Exhibition." Toronto Life 31.13 (Sept. 1997): 106.
Greyson, John. Urinal [motion picture]. New York: Waterbearer Films, 1992.
Hambleton, Josepine. "Canadian Women Sculptors." Dalhousie Review 29.3 (Oct. 1949): 327-37
http://art-history.concordia.ca/canada_documents/record_detail.asp?id=146&query=review.
Hanna, Deirdre. "Loring and Wyle's local legacy." Now 9.15 (15 Jul. 1987).
Harrington, Lyn. "Church, Now a Studio, Gives Elbow Room to Two Industrious Sculptors." Christian Science Monitor (Boston) 30 Jan. 1946.
Hubbard, R. H. and J. R. Ostiguy. Three Hundred Years of Canadian Art: An Exhibition Arranged in Celebration of the Century of Confederation. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1967.
Hughes, Mary Jo. The View from Here: Selections from the Canadian Historical Collection. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 2000.
Hume, Christopher. "A Monument to the Girls." Toronto Star 24 Jul. 1987.
Huneault, Kristina. "Heroes of a Different Sort: Gender and Patriotism in the War Workers of Frances Loring and Florence Wyle." Journal of Canadian Art History 15.6 (1993): 26-49.
Jarvis, Alan. Frances Loring, Florence Wyle. Toronto: Pollock Gallery, 1969.
Jones, Donald. "Loring-Wyle Memorial Park honors odd-couple sculptors." Toronto Star 18 Jun. 1983.
Kritzwiser, Kay. "Hands that mold beauty." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 7 Apr. 1962.
L. E. "Sculpture and Poetry." Winnipeg Free Press 5 Nov. 1959.
Leslie, Cassandra. "Canadian Sculpture: Coming of Age." http://epe.lac-bac.gc.ca/100/200/301/ic/can_digital_collections/ brault/index.html Ottawa: Library and Archives Canada, 1998 [accessed March 13th, 2007].
Linton, Marilyn. "AGO celebrates the 'odd couple'." Sunday Sun (Toronto) 29 Mar. 1987.
Luckyj, Natalie. Visions and Victories: 10 Canadian Women Artists 1914-1945. London: London Regional Art Gallery, 1983.
MacDonald, Colin S. The Dictionary of Canadian Artists. (Volumes 1-8 by Colin S. MacDonald, and volume 9 by Anne Newlands and Judith Parker) Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2009
http://www.rcip-chin.gc.ca/application/aac-aic/description-about.app?lang=en.
MacDonald, J. E. H. Interior decorations of St. Anne's Church, Toronto. 1967.
MacKay, Mary. "Frances Loring and Florence Wyle: 'The Girls' leave their legacy in sculpture." Windsor Star 14 Aug. 1987: C1.
Marsh, James H, ed. Canadian Encyclopedia. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers, 1988.
Mays, John Bentley. "AGO tells Girls' story with care and spirit." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 30 Jul. 1987.
Mays, John Bentley. "Group of Seven Treasure Trove Saved." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 5 Apr. 1980.
McCarthy, Pearl. "Art and Artists: Her Hope: To Die Standing." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 16 Dec. 1961.
McCarthy, Pearl. "Florence Wyle's Sculpture Excels in the Counsel Garden." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 10 Aug. 1952.
McMann, Evelyn de Rostaing. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Formerly Art Association of Montreal: Spring Exhibitions, 1880-1970. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988.
McMann, Evelyn de Rostaing. Royal Canadian Academy of Arts/Académie royale des arts du Canada: Exhibitions and Members 1880-1979. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981.
Morrison, Anne K. "Nationalism, Cultural Appropriation and an Exhibition." Collapse 5 (Jul. 2000): 94-121.
National Gallery of Canada. Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture: Canadian School. Ottawa: Trustees of the National Gallery of Canada, 1957.
Ontario Library Review. Who's Who in Canadian Art: From Ontario Library Review, November 1947-August 1962. Toronto: Government Printer, 1948.
Opitz, Glenn B. Dictionary of American Sculptors: 18th century to the present. Poughkeepsie: Apollo Books, 1984.
Petteys, Chris, et al. Dictionary of Women Artists: An International Dictionary of Women Artists Born Before 1900. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1985.
Poole, Lucianne. "Stolen Chances." Kingston Whig-Standard Companion 17 Jul. 1999.
Purdie, James. "Scouts Who Cleared the Underbrush." Toronto Star 23 Jul. 1977.
Reference Division, McPherson Library, compilers. Creative Canada: A Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Creative and Performing Arts. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, University of Victoria, 1971.
Robbins, John Everett, ed. Encyclopedia Canadiana. Ottawa: Canadiana Company of Canada, Grolier Society of Canada, 1957.
Rooney, F. "Frances Loring and Florence Wyle, Sculptors." Resources for Feminist Research 13.4 (1984): 21-3.
Samuels, Peggy and Harold. Illustrated Biographical Encyclopedia of Artists of the American West. Garden City: Doubleday, 1976.
Sarnia Public Library and Art Gallery. The Collection. Sarnia: Sarnia Public Library and Art Gallery, 1981.
Simpson, Kieran, ed. Canadian Who's Who, 1964. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1964.
Sisler, Rebecca. Florence Wyle, 1881-1968. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1978.
Sisler, Rebecca. The Girls: A Biography of Frances Loring and Florence Wyle. Toronto: Clarke, Irwin, 1972.
Stacey, Robert H. Lives and Works of the Canadian Artists. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1977.
Thieme, Ulrich and Felix Becker. Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Leipzig, Germany: E. A. Seamans, 1962.
Tom Thomson Memorial Art Gallery. The Collective Achievement: Selections from the permanent collection. Owen Sound: Tom Thomson Memorial Art Gallery, 1988.
Woodehouse, R. F. Check-list of the War Collections of World War I, 1914-1918, and World War II, 1939-1945. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1968.
Wylie, Liz. "Loring, Frances - Florence Wyle, Art Gallery Of Ontario, Toronto: Review." Vanguard 16.5 (Nov. 1987): 38.

Writings by
Wyle, Florence. Poems. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1959.
Wyle, Florence. The Poems of Florence Wyle: sculptor, painter, poet and lover of life. Ottawa: 1970-79.
Wyle, Florence. The Shadow of the Year: Poems. Toronto: Aliquando Press, 1976.
Wyle, Florence. "An Inspiring Memorial That is Needed at Home: Letter." Mail and Empire (Toronto) 2 Apr. 1925.
Wyle, Florence. "Art and its Judges: Letter." Mail and Empire (Toronto) 21 Mar. 1928.

Full text pdfs of exhibition reviews
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 09, 1912) M.L.A.F..  "Both Sculptor and Painter at the O.S.A Exhibition."  Toronto Star  March 16, 1912.  p.13.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, April 05, 1913) M.L.A.F..  "Younger Painters Dominate This Time at O.S.A. Exhibition. Some Impressions of the Year's Best Work Gathered by Star Critic-Measure of Improvement Noted."  Toronto Star  April 12, 1913.  P.7.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 1914) "Strong and Varied Pictures at the O.S.A. Exhibition."  The Globe (Toronto)  March 14, 1914.  p.10.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, November 19, 1914) "Pictures at Exhibition of Royal Canadian Academy."  Globe (Toronto)  November 20, 1914.  p.7.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 03, 1915) M.L.A.F..  "Art Exhibition. New Pictures at the Art Gallery-Ontario Society of Artists Exhibits."  Toronto Star  March 12, 1915.  p.10.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 03, 1915) Irene B. Wrenshall.  "Toronto."  American Art News  April 10, 1915.  13.27: p.7.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 18, 1915) "Royal Canadian Academy of Arts Open Galleries. 288 Fine Pictures on Exhibition at 37th Annual Exhibition."  Montreal Herald  November 19, 1915.  p.5.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 18, 1915) "Martial Note in Pictures Shown. Royal Canadian Academy Exhibition Has Work by Artists Now at Front."  Gazette (Montreal)  November 19, 1915.  p.9.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 18, 1915) Henri Fabien.  "Beaux-arts. Le salon d'automne à la galerie des beaux-arts - III. La sculpture."  Le Devoir (Montreal)  November 30, 1915.  p.1.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 18, 1915) "Canadian Royal Academy Holds 37th Exhibition."  Christian Science Monitor  December 08, 1915.  p.7.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 18, 1915) H. Mortimer-Lamb.  "Studio-Talk"  Studio  February 1916.  pp. 62-70.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 11, 1916) "Extremes Meet at O.S.A. Show."  The Globe (Toronto)  March 11, 1916.  p.8.   Full-text pdf
The Joint Annual Exhibition of the RCA and the OSA: (Toronto; Montreal (Fall), April 05, 1918) "For National Gallery: Trustees Make 23 Purchases from Joint Display of R.C.A. and O.S.A."  Toronto Star  April 05, 1918.  p.5.   Full-text pdf
The Joint Annual Exhibition of the RCA and the OSA: (Toronto, April 05, 1918) "For National Gallery. Trustees Make 23 Purchases from Joint Display of R.C.A. and O.S.A."  Toronto Star  April 05, 1918.  p.5.   Full-text pdf
The Joint Annual Exhibition of the RCA and the OSA: (Toronto; Montreal (Fall), April 05, 1918) "Academy Opens in New Gallery. With O.S.A., Holds Notable Exhibition of Pictures and Sculpture."  Globe (Toronto)  April 06, 1918.  p.14.   Full-text pdf
The Joint Annual Exhibition of the RCA and the OSA: (Toronto; Montreal (Fall), April 05, 1918) Hector Charlesworth.  "Toronto's New Art Gallery. Its First Exhibition Provided by the Royal Canadian Academy."  Toronto Saturday Night  April 20, 1918.  p.3.   Full-text pdf
The Joint Annual Exhibition of the RCA and the OSA: (Toronto, April 05, 1918) Hector Charlesworth.  "Toronto's New Art Gallery. Its First Exhibition Provided by the Royal Canadian Academy."  Toronto Saturday Night  April 20, 1918.  p.3.   Full-text pdf
The Joint Annual Exhibition of the RCA and the OSA: (Toronto, April 05, 1918) M.L.A.F..  "Etchings, Sculpture, At Art Exhibition.Shown at the New Gallery - Work of Torontonians and Other Canadians."  Toronto Star  April 27, 1918.  p.11.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, November 20, 1919) Hector Charlesworth.  "Reflections [Forty-First Annual Exhibition of Royal Canadian Academy]."  Saturday Night (Toronto)  December 13, 1919.  33.9: 2.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, November 17, 1921) Hector Charlesworth.  "Impressions of the Royal Canadian Academy."  Toronto Saturday Night  November 26, 1921.  p.5.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 21, 1922) "Exhibits Drawn From Wide Area. Growing Importance of Spring Art Exhibition More Generally Recognized."  Gazette (Montreal)  March 21, 1922.  p.5.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 21, 1922) S. Morgan-Powell.  "A Final Glance Around the Art Exhibition Here. II."  Montreal Daily Star  April 12, 1922.  p.6.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 16, 1922) "High Standard Set by R.C.A. Pictures. Forty-Fourth Exhibition Opened With Private View Last Night."  Gazette (Montreal)  November 17, 1922.  p.9.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, November 22, 1923) A. S. Wrenshall.  "Toronto"  American Art News  December 01, 1923.  22.8: p.9.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, November 22, 1923) Hector Charlesworth.  "Royal Canadian Academy. Probably the Finest Display in its History With Montreal Much to the Fore."  Toronto Saturday Night  December 01, 1923.  p.5.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 07, 1925) Hector Charlesworth.  "Ontario Society of Artists. Brilliant Portraiture the Outstanding Feature of This Year's Show."  Toronto Saturday Night  March 14, 1925.  p.3.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 06, 1926) Hector Charlesworth.  "Ontario Society of Artists Present Year's Exhibition of Higher Average Quality Than for Several Years."  Toronto Saturday Night  April 03, 1926.  p.5.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 24, 1927) Albert Laberge.  "Appréciation de quelques toiles du Salon des artistes Canadiens."  La Presse (Montreal)  December 03, 1927.  p.52.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, November 29, 1928) Mary-Etta MacPherson.  "Canadian Art in Review. Gleanings from the Fiftieth Exhibition of the Royal Canadian Academy, Held in Toronto Recently."  Canadian Homes and Gardens  February 1929.  pp.20-21.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 21, 1929) Henri Girard.  "Le cinquante et unieme salon de l'Academie Royale des Beaux-arts."  Revue Moderne  January 1930.  11.3: pp.5,55.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 1930) Constance C. Mackay.  "O.S.A. Exhibit."  Toronto Saturday Night  March 15, 1930.  p.39.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 1931) Frederick Griffin.  "Heming's New Line in Art Striking Feature of Exhibit. Dorothy Stevens Presents Challenging Picture at Ontario Artists's Display."  Toronto Star  March 05, 1931.  p.43.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 1931) Constance C. Mackay.  "O.S.A. Sticks to Its Formulas. Annual Show Contains Good Pictures But Little in the Way of Experiment."  Toronto Saturday Night  March 14, 1931.  p.10.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 19, 1931) "Canadian Artists Are Well Represented At R.C.A. Exhibition."  Montreal Star  November 20, 1931.  p.19.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 19, 1931) "Wide Range of Art In R.C.A. Exhibition."  Gazette (Montreal)  November 20, 1931.  p.10.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 19, 1931) "Fine Work at Royal Academy. Best Balanced Show In Recent Years, Is Verdict."  Evening Free Press (London, Ontario)  November 21, 1931.  p.5.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 19, 1931) "Landscapes, Portraits, Water Colors, Sculpture, Viewed at Exhibition of Royal Canadian Academy."  Montreal Star  November 25, 1931.  p.11.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 19, 1931) W. S. Maxwell.  "Fifty-Second Annual Exhibition, Royal Canadian Academy of Arts."  Royal Architectural Institute of Canada  January 1932.  9.1: pp.14-21.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 1933) "Royal Canadian Academy's 54th Exhibition."  Montreal Star  November 22, 1933.  p.15.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition.: (Montreal, November 21, 1935) Reynald.  "Le 56e Salon de l'Académie. A défaut de révéler des tendances neuves, le Salon garde une allure distinguée et une belle tenue d'ensemble. Plus de "bon ton" que de vitalité. Maints portraits."  La Presse (Montreal)  November 22, 1935.  p.19.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition.: (Montreal, November 21, 1935) "The Fifty-Sixth Exhibition of the Canadian Academy."  Montreal Star  November 22, 1935.  p.13.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition.: (Montreal, November 21, 1935) "Art Gallery Scene of R.C.A. Exhibition. Paintings and Other Works from Various Canadian Points Total 444. Much Good Portraiture."  Gazette (Montreal)  November 23, 1935.  p.19.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition.: (Montreal, November 21, 1935) H. Poynter Bell.  "The Fifty-Sixth Annual Exhibition of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts."  Royal Architectural Institute of Canada  December 1935.  pp.195-198, 202.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (, 1936) Fred H. Brigden.  "The Fifty-Seventh Annual Exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts."  Royal Architectural Institute of Canada  December 1936.  13.12: pp.216-223.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 18, 1937) "Royal Canadian Academy Show is Opened at Art Association. Portraiture Represented by Good Examples and Landscapes as Usual Predominate."  Gazette (Montreal)  November 19, 1937.  p.12.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 18, 1937) Lucien Desbiens.  "Les expositions. Le Salon de l'Académie."  Le Devoir (Montreal)  November 26, 1937.  p.2.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (, November 18, 1938) Graham McInnes.  "But They Have Nice Frames!"  Toronto Saturday Night  November 26, 1938.  p.22.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (, November 16, 1939) "Canadian Academy Opens Sixtieth Exhibition."  Montreal Star  November 17, 1939.  p.11.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (, November 16, 1939) "R.C.A. Exhibition Has Private View. Over 300 Works in Galleries of Art Association of Montreal. Standard Maintained."  Gazette (Montreal)  November 17, 1939.  p.5.   Full-text pdf

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