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LORING, Frances

Born
Wardner, Idaho, 1887
Died
Newmarket, Ontario, 1968
Biography synopsis
Frances Norma Loring studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts, Geneva, Switzerland (1901-1903), with Carl Guttner in Munich (1903), at the Academie Colarossi (1904-06), at the Chicago Art Institute in 1906 and Art Students League in New York in 1910. It was at the Chicago Art Institute that she met Florence Wyle. She set up a studio in New York between 1909-12 and she settled in Canada in 1913. She was commissioned to depict industrial workers to make records of the First World War. She exhibited with the Ontario Society of Artists beginning in 1910. She was a member of the Ontario Society of Artists (1920, resigned, 1933, reinstated, 1948) and the Royal Canadian Academy (Associate, 1920, Academician, 1947). She was a member of the Women's Art Association of Canada (president in 1939) and she was the chief organizer of the Federation of Canadian Artists and the National Arts Council. Along with Emanuel Hahn and Henri Hebert she founded the Sculptors’ Society of Canada in 1928. She completed numerous corporate commissions and war memorials. Her honors included a gold medal from the University of Alberta and an honorary LLD from the University of Toronto in 1955.
Media used
Sculpture
Education
Ecole des Beaux Arts, Geneva, Switzerland, 1901 - 1903
Private study, 1903 (under Carl Guttner (Munich))
Académie Colarossi, Paris, 1904 - 1906
Art Institute of Chicago, 1906
Art Students' League, New York, 1910
Memberships
Ontario Society of Artists, 1920; Resigned, 1933, reinstated, 1948
Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, Associate, 1920; Academician, 1947
File & Archive locations
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, ON
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Documentation Centre, QC
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
Smithsonian Institution, DC - Archives of American Art
London Public Library, ON
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts / Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, QC
Alberta Culture and Community Spirit - Arts Branch
National Gallery of Canada, ON - Library and Archives
Tom Thomson Memorial Art Gallery, ON
University of British Columbia - Fine Arts Library
University of Calgary Library, AB
Vancouver Art Gallery, BC - Library
Winnipeg Art Gallery, MA - Clara Lander Library
Hamilton Public Library, ON - Local History and Archives Department
BIBLIOGRAPHY

Writings about
"Annual Meeting of the Royal Canadian Academy." Journal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (Dec. 1928): 34.
"Art and Exhibitions: Curator seeks works for exhibition." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 26 Oct. 1985.
"Art on a Grand Scale." Ottawa Journal 16 May 1969.
"Banting Bust May Go to Medical Academy." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 23 Nov. 1962.
"Ce concours d'art s'est terminé le 1er." La Patrie (Montreal) 5 Feb. 1929.
"Dies at 80 - Sculptor Frances Loring did Stone Lion on QEW." Toronto Star 6 Feb. 1968.
"Dreams in Stone." Toronto Star Weekly 14 May 1938.
"Entries So Bad Prizes Cancelled But Sculptor 'May' Get $600." Gazette (Montreal) Montreal: 4 Jan. 1955.
"Examples of Many Schools of Art at Loan Exhibition." Toronto Daily Star 22 Feb. 1913: 27.
"Exhibition of Sculptures Set for Saturday Night." Daily Sentinel-Review (Woodstock, Ontario) 26 Apr. 1966.
"Famed Canadian Sculptress at Brantford Art League." Brantford Expositor 9 Mar. 1954.
"For Art's Sake." Toronto Sun 10 Feb. 1984.
"Frances Loring, 80, famed sculptor, dies." London Free Press (London, Ontario) 5 Feb. 1968.
"Girl Depicts Dreams in Marble and Bronze: Gotham Sculptor Enters the Spokane Contest." Daily News (Denver) 22 Aug. 1911.
"Gown: For Memorial Chambers." Star (Toronto) 12 Apr. 1930.
"High Standard Set by R.C.A. Pictures. Forty-Fourth Exhibition Opened with Private View Last Night." Gazette (Montreal) 17 Nov. 1922: 9.
"Illustrations." Journal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (Jan. 1950): 7-31.
"In exhibiting three mountain studies [...]." Journal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (Jan. 1933): 11-2.
"In the Studios of Toronto Artists." Toronto Daily Star 8 Jun. 1912: 3.
"Loring and Wyle to be re-released after 10 years." Art Magazine 7.24 (Dec.-Jan. 1975): 54-55.
"Loring, Wyle Influence Lives on in Sculpture." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 8 Apr. 1967.
"Noted Woman Sculptor to Receive Degree." Standard (St. Catherines, Ontario) 5 May 1955.
"Notes of interest in the world of art." Toronto Daily Star 16 Nov. 1912: 7.
"Notes." Journal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (Nov.-Dec. 1925): 236.
"Notes." Journal, Royal Architectural institute of Canada (Sept.-Oct. 1925): 24.
"Novel Studio for Sculptors." Mail and Empire (Toronto) 20 Nov. 1920.
"Sculptor Offered Award for Service to Arts." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 21 Jun. 1954.
"Sculptress Addresses Art Guild, Stresses Quiet, Dignified Work." Post (Lindsay) 20 May 1953.
"Sculpture: Florence Wyle, Frances Loring." Canadian Collector (Apr. 1966).
"Sir Robert Comes Back to Parliament Hill." Weekend Magazine 7.11 (1957).
"Stone Figures by Toronto Scultors Blend Canadian Theme in Bank Building." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 3 Sept. 1948.
"Telescope will Visit Sculptors." Chronicle-Herald (Halifax) 1 May 1965.
"The Annual O.S.A. Exhibition." Saturday Night (29 Feb. 1908): 4.
"The lot of the Canadian sculptors is a sad one..." Journal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (Dec. 1935): 198.
"The Sketch committee of Hart House..." Toronto Saturday Night (27 Mar. 1926).
"Woman Wins Contest for Memorial Design." Ottawa Citizen 30 Dec. 1954.
"Women with Mallets." New World (Feb. 1942).
Araneo. "The Silent Legacy (Frances Normal Loring - 1887-1968)." Friends of the National Gallery of Canada Bulletin. 11 (Jan. 1987).
Art Gallery of Toronto. Catalogue of an Exhibition of the Canadian War Memorials. Toronto: 1926.
Ayre, Robert. "Art News and Reviews: Canada's Art Exhibition At the World's Fair 'Credit to the Dominion'." Standard (Montreal) 8 May 1939: M7.
Bobak, Molly Lamb. Wild Flowers of Canada: Impressions and Sketches of a Field Artist. Toronto: Pagurian Press, 1978, 44.
Bowen, Lisa Balfour. "The AGO celebrates our nation's diversity with the 'OH! Canada Project'." Sunday Sun (Toronto) 11 Feb. 1996.
Boyanoski, Christine. Loring and Wyle: Sculptors' Legacy. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1987.
Boyanoski, Christine. "The Legacy of Loring and Wyle." Historical Canadian Sculpture. Jul. 1987: 1-2.
Bradfield, Helen Pepall. Art Gallery of Ontario: The Canadian Collection. Toronto: McGraw-Hill, 1970.
Brimmell, Helen. "At the Galleries." Daily Mercury (Guelph) 22 Jun. 1987.
Brown, Bill. "Stone Story: Sculpture Project Enhances Toronto's Business District." Standard (Toronto) 1960?: 19-21.
Charlesworth, Hector. "Reflections." Saturday Night (13 Dec. 1919): 2.
Crawford, Lenore. "50 Years of Sculpture: Loring and Wyle." Canadian Art 20.2 (1963).
Crawford, Lenore. "Dr. Comfort Opens 2-Sculptor Show." London Evening Press 10 Nov. 1962.
Crawford, Lenore. "Exhibit is Tribute to Two Women Sculptors." London Evening Press 10 Nov. 1962.
Crawford, Lenore. "Sculptor to Speak." London Evening Free Press (London, Ontario) 21 Nov. 1959.
Dagg, Anne Innis. "What Happens to Women's Art?" Globe and Mail (Toronto) 4 Aug. 1984.
Dault, Gary Michael. "This City: Artist-In-Residence." Toronto Life (Aug. 1985): 13.
Davies, Blodwen. "Canadian Women of Brush and Chisel." Chatelaine 3 (Jun. 1930): 9, 42.
Desjardins, Marie-Paule. Dictionnaire biographique des femmes célèbres et rémarquables de notre histoire. Montréal: Guérin, 2007.
Dunington-Grubb, L. A. "Sculpture as a garden decoration." Canadian Homes and Garden (Mar. 1927): 17-9, 48, 52.
Duval, Paul. "Monument to Don." Toronto Telegram 30 Nov. 1963.
Gessell, Paul. "Bringing back the Girls." Ottawa Citizen 6 Dec. 2007.
Girard, Henri. "La Vie Artistique: Sculptors Society of Canada." La Revue Moderne (Jul. 1929): 13.
Hambleton, Josephine. "Canadian Artists." Whig-Standard (Kingston) 20 Dec. 1947.
Hanna, Deirdre. "Loring and Wyle's local legacy." Now 9.15 (15 Jul. 1987).
Harrington, Lyn. "Unique Church-Studio is Home and Workshop for Loring and Wyle, Canadian Sculpture Team." Toronto Saturday Night (18 Nov. 1944).
Harrington, Lyn and Richard. "Living With Sculpture." Family Herald (Montreal) 18 Jun. 1953.
Hill, Valerie. "Outlandish art: Women are crafting cosmic connections between the arts and the environment." Guelph Mercury 2 Jun. 1994.
Horne, Clive. "And Sculpture." Journal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (Nov. 1949): 377-79.
Hume, Christopher. "A Monument to the Girls." Toronto Star 24 Jul. 1987.
J.C. "Chronique d'art." La Revue Populaire (Jun. 1929): 7-10.
Jackson, A.Y. A Painter's Country. Toronto: Clarke Irwin, 1972.
Jarvis, Alan. Faces of Canada: Portrait Paintings and Sculptures from 1900 to the Present Day. Stratford, Ontario: Stratford Festival Art Exhibition, 1964.
Jeffreys, Charles W. "The Fiftieth Exhibition of the Royal Canadian Academy." Journal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (Jan. 1929): 6-13.
Jones, Donald. "Loring-Wyle Memorial Park honors odd-couple sculptors." Toronto Star 18 Jun. 1983.
Jones, Donald. "The Story of the Queen, the lion and the old church schoolhouse." Star (Toronto) 30 Jun. 1979.
Joynes, Agnes. "Loring the Sculptor." Toronto Saturday Night (15 Oct. 1938).
Kerr, Estelle. "Women Sculptors in Toronto." Women's Saturday Night (20 Jun. 1914).
Kerr, Estelle M. "At the Sign of the Maple." Courier 19.2 (19 Feb. 1916).
Kerr, Estelle M. "The Way of the Sculptor." Courier 21.9 (27 Jan. 1917): 15.
Kritzwiser, Kay. "Hands that mold beauty." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 7 Apr. 1962.
Kunard, Andrea. A Harmony of the Arts: The Diverse expressions of Pictorialism Artists, Architects, & Artisans: Canadian Art 1890-1918 Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2013.
Lewis, John R. "Why would a woman want to be a sculptor?" Star Weekly Magazine 2 Jan. 1960.
Linton, Marilyn. "AGO celebrates the 'odd couple'." Sunday Sun (Toronto) 29 Mar. 1987.
London Public Library and Art Museum. Master Canadian Painters and Sculptors. London, Ontario: 1963.
Luckyj, Natalie. Visions and Victories: 10 Canadian Women Artists 1914-1945. London: London Regional Art Gallery, 1983.
Lyceum Club and Women's Art Association. Women's Art Association of Canada, Eighty-first Annual Report. 1967.
MacDonald, Colin S. The Dictionary of Canadian Artists. (Volumes 1-8 by Colin S. MacDonald, and volume 9 by Anne Newlands and Judith Parker) Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2009
http://www.rcip-chin.gc.ca/application/aac-aic/description-about.app?lang=en.
Mays, John Bentley. "AGO tells Girls' story with care and spirit." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 30 Jul. 1987.
McCarthy, Pearl. "Art and Artists - New Plastic Material in a Loring Sculpture". Globe and Mail (Toronto) 29 Jun. 1957.
McCarthy, Pearl. "Art and Artists." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 5 Dec. 1953.
McCarthy, Pearl. "Art Association Honors Noted Sculptor." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 13 Oct. 1955.
McCarthy, Pearl. "Art is Everywhere." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 4 May 1957.
McFarlane, Arthur E. "Art Awakens in a Forgotten Church." Toronto Star Weekly 1 Aug. 1925.
McGinnis, Rick. "Historic statue stands forgotten: few know it is there." National Post (Toronto) 23 Dec. 2000.
Millar, Joyce. "'The Girls' Canadian Sculptors Francis Loring and Florence Wyle." Gallerie: Women's Art 1.4 (Spring 1988): 5-7.
Munk, Linda. "A Talk with Miss Loring and Miss Wyle." Globe and Mail (Toronto) 6 May 1965.
Murray, Joan. Ontario Society of Artists: 100 Years. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1972.
Musée du Jeu de Paume. Exposition d'art canadien, Paris, 10 avril-10 mai 1927. Paris: Musée du Jeu de Paume, 1927.
Nasby, Judith M. University of Guelph Art Collection: A Catalogue of Paintings, Drawings, Prints and Sculpture. Guelph: University of Guelph, 1980.
Nelson, Eric. "How a streetcar loop became an art park." Leaside Town Crier (Toronto) Aug. 1987.
Nurse, Andrew. "Sculpting Canada: The art of Frances Loring." Woman (Spring 2000): 35.
Ontario Society of Artists. Catalogue of the Fifty-Eighth Annual Exhibition of the Ontario Society of Artists, 1930. Toronto: 1930.
Ontario Society of Artists. Catalogue of the Fifty-First Annual Exhibition of the Ontario Society of Artists, 1923. 1923.
Ontario Society of Artists. Catalogue of the Fifty-Fourth Annual Exhibition of the Ontario Society of Artists, 1926. 1926.
Ontario Society of Artists. Catalogue of the Fifty-Sixth Annual Exhibition of the Ontario Society of Artists and Edmund Morris Memorial Exhibition, 1928. Toronto: Art Gallery of Toronto, 1928.
Ontario Society of Artists. Catalogue of the Forty-Ninth Annual Exhibition of the Ontario Society of Artists, 1921. Toronto: Ontario Society of Artists, 1921.
Pierre. "Chronique d'Ottawa: Tableaux de Guerre." La Presse (Montreal) 6 Feb. 1924.
Pollock Gallery. Frances Loring - Florence Wyle. Toronto: Pollock Gallery, ?.
Saltmarche, Kenneth. "Sculpture Exhibit." Star (Windsor) 12 Jan. 1963.
Sisler, Rebecca. Art for Enlightenment: A History of Art in Toronto Schools. Toronto: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 1993.
Sisler, Rebecca. The Girls. Toronto: Clarke, Irwin & Co. Ltd, 1972.
Sisler, Rebecca. "Frances Loring (1887-1968)." Lives and Works of the Canadian Artists. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1978.
Williamson, Moncrieff. Through Canadian Eyes: Trends and Influences in Canadian Art: 1815-1965. Calgary: Glenbow-Alberta Institute, 1976.
Wood, Elizabeth Wyn. "Observations on a Decade ... 1938-1948: Ten Years of Canadian Sculpture." Journal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada 25.1 (Jan. 1948): 15-19.
Wuorio, Eva-Lis. "Careers for Women". Globe and Mail (Toronto) 1 Jun. 1946.
Y. H. "Features: Sculpture Competition Toronto." Journal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (Sept. 1964): 80.

Writings by
Loring, Frances. "A Word of Introduction." Fifty Years of Photography by Ashley & Crippen. Toronto: Ashley & Crippen, 1965.
Loring, Frances. "Sculpture in the Garden." Canadian Art 1.2 (Dec-Jan 1943-44): 64-67.

Full text pdfs of exhibition reviews
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, February 22, 1908) M.L.A.F..  "Features of the Art Exhibition. The Pictures of Each Artist are Not Hung Together This Year. New Names on the List. Some who Never Exhibited Before-The Exhibition Open to the Public."  Toronto Star  February 22, 1908.  p.17.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, February 22, 1908) "The Annual O. S. A. Exhibition. The Season's Pictures."  Toronto Saturday Night  February 29, 1908.  p.4.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition.: (Toronto, April 1908) "R.C.A. Exhibition Scorched Many Pictures Destroyed."  Toronto Telegram  April 29, 1908.  p.6.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition.: (Toronto, April 1908) "Many Pictures Burned. $8,000 Fire in the Canadian Academy's Exhibition."  Globe (Toronto)  April 30, 1908.  p.11.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition.: (Toronto, April 1908) "Annual Exhibition of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (Illustration)."  Canadian Courier  May 02, 1908.  p.9.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 09, 1912) M.L.A.F..  "Both Sculptor and Painter at the O.S.A Exhibition."  Toronto Star  March 16, 1912.  p.13.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 1914) "Strong and Varied Pictures at the O.S.A. Exhibition."  The Globe (Toronto)  March 14, 1914.  p.10.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 18, 1915) "Royal Canadian Academy of Arts Open Galleries. 288 Fine Pictures on Exhibition at 37th Annual Exhibition."  Montreal Herald  November 19, 1915.  p.5.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 11, 1916) "Extremes Meet at O.S.A. Show."  The Globe (Toronto)  March 11, 1916.  p.8.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 01, 1917) "Many Fine Paintings at O.S.A. Exhibition."  The Globe (Toronto)  March 10, 1917.  p.21.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 01, 1917) "They Do Not Merely Pose As Painters. Canadian Women Artists Have Done Distinguishing Work."  Toronto Star  March 24, 1917.  p.14.   Full-text pdf
The Joint Annual Exhibition of the RCA and the OSA: (Toronto; Montreal (Fall), April 05, 1918) "Academy Opens in New Gallery. With O.S.A., Holds Notable Exhibition of Pictures and Sculpture."  Globe (Toronto)  April 06, 1918.  p.14.   Full-text pdf
The Joint Annual Exhibition of the RCA and the OSA: (Toronto; Montreal (Fall), April 05, 1918) Hector Charlesworth.  "Toronto's New Art Gallery. Its First Exhibition Provided by the Royal Canadian Academy."  Toronto Saturday Night  April 20, 1918.  p.3.   Full-text pdf
The Joint Annual Exhibition of the RCA and the OSA: (Toronto, April 05, 1918) Hector Charlesworth.  "Toronto's New Art Gallery. Its First Exhibition Provided by the Royal Canadian Academy."  Toronto Saturday Night  April 20, 1918.  p.3.   Full-text pdf
The Joint Annual Exhibition of the RCA and the OSA: (Toronto, April 05, 1918) M.L.A.F..  "Etchings, Sculpture, At Art Exhibition.Shown at the New Gallery - Work of Torontonians and Other Canadians."  Toronto Star  April 27, 1918.  p.11.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, November 20, 1919) "Great Variety Marks Annual Academy Show. Canada Maintains Its Lead in Array of Pictures at Art Gallery."  Globe (Toronto)  November 21, 1919.  p.8.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, November 20, 1919) Hector Charlesworth.  "Reflections [Forty-First Annual Exhibition of Royal Canadian Academy]."  Saturday Night (Toronto)  December 13, 1919.  33.9: 2.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, November 17, 1921) "Progress of Canadian Art Splendidly Demonstrated at Annual Academy Show."  Globe and Mail (Toronto)  November 18, 1921.  p.13.   Full-text pdf
Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition: (Montreal, March 21, 1922) "Exhibits Drawn From Wide Area. Growing Importance of Spring Art Exhibition More Generally Recognized."  Gazette (Montreal)  March 21, 1922.  p.5.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 16, 1922) "High Standard Set by R.C.A. Pictures. Forty-Fourth Exhibition Opened With Private View Last Night."  Gazette (Montreal)  November 17, 1922.  p.9.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 07, 1925) Hector Charlesworth.  "Ontario Society of Artists. Brilliant Portraiture the Outstanding Feature of This Year's Show."  Toronto Saturday Night  March 14, 1925.  p.3.   Full-text pdf
Ontario Society of Artists Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, March 06, 1926) Hector Charlesworth.  "Ontario Society of Artists Present Year's Exhibition of Higher Average Quality Than for Several Years."  Toronto Saturday Night  April 03, 1926.  p.5.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, November 29, 1928) Augustus Bridle.  "Royal Canadian Academy Opens Here this Evening. Nearly 500 Pictures Sent in and 240 Are Hung - Most Brilliant Collection of Thoroughly Lawful Pictures in Life of R.C.A."  Toronto Star  November 29, 1928.  p.13.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Toronto, November 29, 1928) Mary-Etta MacPherson.  "Canadian Art in Review. Gleanings from the Fiftieth Exhibition of the Royal Canadian Academy, Held in Toronto Recently."  Canadian Homes and Gardens  February 1929.  pp.20-21.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 21, 1929) Henri Girard.  "Le cinquante et unieme salon de l'Academie Royale des Beaux-arts."  Revue Moderne  January 1930.  11.3: pp.5,55.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 1933) H. Rooney Pelletier.  "Canada's Art Exhibit Reveals New Ability. Increased Average of Mature Technique Noted at Opening."  Mail and Empire (Toronto)  November 17, 1933.  p.2.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 1933) "Many Artists from Toronto in Royal Academy Showing."  Evening Telegram (Toronto)  November 17, 1933.  p.4.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 1933) Reta W. Myers.  "In the Domain of Art. A Weekly Causerie of Interest to Art Lovers."  Publication Not Verified  November 18, 1933.  p.14.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 1933) "Royal Canadian Academy's 54th Exhibition."  Montreal Star  November 22, 1933.  p.15.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition.: (Montreal, November 21, 1935) "The Fifty-Sixth Exhibition of the Canadian Academy."  Montreal Star  November 22, 1935.  p.13.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition.: (Montreal, November 21, 1935) "Art Gallery Scene of R.C.A. Exhibition. Paintings and Other Works from Various Canadian Points Total 444. Much Good Portraiture."  Gazette (Montreal)  November 23, 1935.  p.19.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition.: (Montreal, November 21, 1935) H. Poynter Bell.  "The Fifty-Sixth Annual Exhibition of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts."  Royal Architectural Institute of Canada  December 1935.  pp.195-198, 202.   Full-text pdf
Royal Canadian Academy Annual Exhibition: (Montreal, November 18, 1937) "Royal Canadian Academy Show is Opened at Art Association. Portraiture Represented by Good Examples and Landscapes as Usual Predominate."  Gazette (Montreal)  November 19, 1937.  p.12.   Full-text pdf

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